Share Share on Facebook LinkedIn Poorer sleep quality is associated with greater withdrawal symptoms and cravings in cigarette smokers, according to research published in the journal Addictive Behaviors. But the study also found that an increase in physical activity was associated with improved sleep quality.“Surprisingly little is known about how sleep is associated with cigarette smoking. So, we wanted to explore this relationship to see if it warrants more investigation,” said study author Alicia M. Allen of the University of Arizona.The 12-week study examined the relationship between physical activity, sleep quality, and smoking behavior in 32 smokers who intended to quit. Email Pinterest Share on Twitter Some of the participants completed three 30-minute exercise sessions per week, while others (the control group) were asked not to change their physical activity levels. The participants wore a Fitbit Flex throughout the study to track their physical activity.The researchers found that participants who reported poorer sleep quality also tended to report more adverse levels of smoking-related symptoms. In addition, participants who increased their level of physical activity tended to see improvements in their sleep quality.“We saw two interesting relationships. First, poorer sleep quality was associated with more craving and smoking urges. Second, increases in physical activity led to an improvement in sleep quality,” Allen told PsyPost. “Prior research has shown that increases in physical activity are related to decreases in craving for cigarettes. So, our work suggests that an improvement in sleep may be part of the reason why physical activity decreases craving.”The study — like all research — includes some limitations. Future research could benefit from larger and more diverse samples of participants.“The participants were young adults (average age of about 30 years old), most were female and white, and they all were interested in increasing their physical activity levels. Future research is also needed to test if improving sleep quality leads to a reduction in craving and urges to smoke, as well as, possibly, quitting smoking.”The study, “Sleep quality in cigarette smokers: Associations with smoking-related outcomes and exercise“, was authored by Himal Purani, Samantha Friedrichsen, and Alicia Allen.
The East Hampton Group for Good Government and East Hampton Library will sponsor a debate between the candidates for East Hampton Town Board, David Lys and Manny Vilar. The debate will be held at the East Hampton Library on Tuesday, October 23, at 7:30 PM and will be televised by LTV on Channel 20.Election Day is November 6 with the following registration deadlines: October 30 is the last day to postmark applications for absentee ballots, and November 5 is the last day to apply in person for and postmark an absentee ballot, which must be received by November 19. Finally, November 6 is the last day to deliver the absentee ballot in person to the County Board of Elections. Ballots must be delivered to the board by someone other than the voter. For additional voter registration information, visit www.elections.ny.gov. email@example.com Share
The persistent oil price volatility is not a cyclical change, but rather a structural one. This is according to a survey conducted by Sea Asia 2017, where more than two-thirds of respondents said it wasn’t a cycle.The results of the survey come at a time when the maritime industry faces its toughest period with oil prices falling by more than 70 percent since mid-2014 and with the recent supply agreement by OPEC to cut production.This survey conducted ahead of the Sea Asia 2017 maritime and offshore conference and exhibition was carried out among maritime leaders to identify trends to shape discussions at the conference next April.Jarand Rystad, a global expert on oil macro analysis and Managing Partner of Rystad Energy said the big debate right now is whether markets are in fact experiencing a structural change or a traditional cycle.“The continued growth of US shale fields and recent significant reduction in costs to develop this resource clearly represents a structural change. The counter view is that shale alone still cannot balance the decline in supply globally. Therefore, conventional production from onshore and offshore will still be an important part of global supply growth beyond 2020,” said Rystad.Regarding the recent OPEC production cut, Rystad added: “The surprisingly firm agreement by OPEC surely puts the cartel back on stage, but the relatively modest response in oil prices could be short-lived. In the coming years, oil prices will firstly be regulated by market forces. Balancing is also happening slowly but firmly from thousands of producing oil fields around the world.”No pre-2014 pricesThe Sea Asia 2017 survey also revealed that only a quarter of the maritime leaders expects oil prices (26 percent) and the maritime industry overall (25 percent) to return to pre-2014 levels in the next six months.The respondents cited tonnage oversupply (83 percent), innovation (44 percent), and talent shortages (30 percent) as other critical issues facing the broader maritime industry in the current downswing.It is important to note that, despite these challenges, over three quarters of those surveyed said they were confident in the industry’s long-term prospects.David Roberts, Managing Director of specialist marine and energy insurer Standard Club Asia, said: “In the past, the industry has been too focused on growth at all costs, and through this downturn, we’re seeing a positive shift in attitudes towards achieving efficiencies, cost control, and sustainability. Companies should also take care not to reduce operational capacities too greatly, as they may find themselves behind when the market rebounds.”A majority of maritime leaders surveyed by Sea Asia 2017, 85 percent of them, said that they are focused on talent development, following extensive downsizing across the industry while waiting for an eventual upturn. Tighter control of costs, greater industry collaboration, and research and innovation were also identified as the top priorities in the next 12 to 18 months.Seatrade Chairman, Chris Hayman, said the survey results clearly show that players across the industry are facing a challenging time, and there is a real desire for collaboration in key areas.Hayman said: “During the downturn, most leaders have said they will focus on innovation and talent up-skilling to meet future challenges. In this environment, our conference themes for Sea Asia 2017, including technology and smart shipping, will provide a critical platform for discussion and debate, and will bring together exhibitors from across the region with new technologies and skill-sets.”The 6th Sea Asia maritime and offshore conference and exhibition will be held in Singapore at the Marina Bay Sands in Singapore from April 25-27, 2017.
The European Court of Justice wants to change its Rules of Procedure. The amendments are at an advanced stage, and are currently being discussed with the Council of the European Union. The CCBE has welcomed most of the changes, but has pointed out some serious reservations relating to access to justice. Among the steps welcomed are the prominence given to the rules applicable to preliminary references, which form an increasing proportion of the Court’s workload, and also to the rules governing direct actions and appeals. The insertion of a clear procedure for applications for legal aid, and clarification of its application to preliminary reference cases, will provide recognition of both the urgent and sensitive nature of such applications. However, without wishing to undermine the fact that most of the changes are welcomed, I will focus here on the reservations. First, the CCBE is against the extension of the power to dispense with an oral hearing, for a number of reasons. The oral hearing is a major feature of access to justice. In references for preliminary ruling, it is critical, since it is the only opportunity to reply to the observations filed by other parties. In other cases, which raise technical and complex issues, the oral hearing represents the occasion when all involved in the case – the judges, lawyers and parties – focus on the case at the same time. In a recent year, the Court decided 600 cases, 180 of which had an oral hearing. This is less than a third of all cases decided, which does not suggest a need for even greater flexibility not to hold an oral hearing. Another potential problem is the proposed selective translation of written pleadings. The new Article 58 will empower the Court, by decision, to determine criteria for the translation of written pleadings to be limited to the translation of their “essential passages”. While the Court, for understandable reasons, has chosen to use a single language for internal purposes (historically, French), parties are entitled to address the Court in the language of the case, and are entitled to have their pleadings heard by the Court. This is not merely a statement of the law, but a necessary pre-condition for the maintenance of public confidence in the EU’s judicial system. Any rule that only part of the pleadings of a party should be translated into the internal language of the Court implies that the Court will not hear the totality of that party’s pleadings. This cannot be reconciled with the requirements of due process and access to justice under the European Convention on Human Rights and the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU. The proposal appears to envisage that the Court, in a way that is not transparent to the parties, will decide which passages of a party’s pleadings are “essential” and thus worthy of translation. Is it suggested that it will really be the Court which decides which parts go to translators, or will it be translators seeking to interpret guidelines from the Court? In addition, the proposal would directly advantage parties from particular member states, namely francophone ones, over those from other states, since parties submitting their written pleadings in French will have those pleadings heard in full by the Court, while others who rely on their right to submit pleadings in the language of the case may be heard only in relation to that part of the pleadings that the Court chooses to receive. The EU Institutions will be part of the privileged few, given the convention that they supply French translations of their pleadings. This would directly discriminate between parties from different member states in relation to the fundamental right of access to justice. Finally, the CCBE is concerned that the Report for the Hearing will be abolished. It is a useful document in so far as it demonstrates the Court’s understanding – or on occasion misunderstanding – of the parties’ arguments. It has been of particular importance in complex cases before the General Court. The report for the hearing has always had the useful function of presenting an objective overview of the case, to the benefit of both judges and parties, prior to – and with great benefit for – the oral hearing. By containing a full account of the undisputed facts of the case and a summary of the respective arguments of the parties, it is the basis of the judgment to come. The CCBE has other suggestions, such as the possible introduction of provision for Amicus Curiae submissions and, maybe most pertinently here, the possible participation by stakeholders in a Rules Committee. The CCBE proposes a Rules Committee to meet once per year, which would recognise that the administration of justice within the EU is a cooperative endeavour involving all those concerned. Hear, hear!
The Children’s Society has welcomed what it hails as a government U-turn over legal aid for vulnerable migrant children, following a five-year legal battle. Justice minister Lucy FrazerJustice minister Lucy Frazer QC MP today confirmed in a written ministerial statement that legal aid will be extended to immigration matters for unaccompanied and separated children.Frazer said her department examined evidence presented as part of a judicial review brought by The Children’s Society’s and government data on funding applications.’Based on the distinct nature of the cohort in question, and of our data regarding them, I have decided to bring these cases into the scope of legal aid to ensure access to justice’, Frazer said.The Legal Aid, Sentencing and Punishment of Offenders Act 2012 cut vast swathes of civil law from the scope of public funding. Special provision was made for children under 18 in family law proceedings to obtain legal aid but not for migrant children.Research conducted by The Children’s Society in 2015 showed that thousands of children in the UK on their own were being denied access to the law, leaving them vulnerable to exploitation, homelessness and unfair treatment. Removing legal aid for most immigration cases meant that many children, including those in local authority care, were at risk of being sexually abused or exploited because their immigration status could not be resolved.Commenting on today’s development, Matthew Reed, chief executive of The Children’s Society, said: ‘This is an important change in policy which will go a long way to protecting some of the most marginalised and vulnerable young people in our communities.’Legal aid is absolutely vital for ensuring that children can access justice. For children who are subject to immigration control and who are in this country on their own, it is an absolute lifeline. The government should be commended for this significant change for children and young people.’LASPO will be amended ‘in due course following discussion across government and with external stakeholders’, Frazer confirmed.Law Society president Christina Blacklaws said it is ‘as heartening as it is rare to have such good news on legal aid’. She added: ‘Children who are alone or separated from their families are among the most vulnerable people in society and it is absolutely right they are supported by the state to settle their immigration status. The Children’s Society legal case has achieved a victory for common sense and compassion.’Coram Children’s Legal Centre welcomed the government’s decision to work with stakeholders on the amendment. ‘We also hope that the Ministry of Justice and Department for Education undertake a campaign to inform local authority frontline staff of the forthcoming changes, so that there is no delay for children in need of legal help. No child should be left without access to justice,’ the centre said.
As the criminal bar continues to highlight examples of inadequate legal aid fees for ‘preparation heavy’ cases, a trade union for senior civil servants says it has secured a 10% pay rise for Crown prosecutors.The FDA, formerly known as the Association of First Division Civil Servants, announced that it had successfully argued that its members should be ‘properly compensated for extra work and greater flexibility’.Under the pay deal, Crown Prosecutors at a junior grade, who have been given additional responsibilities, will get over 10%. Other prosecutors, senior managers and professionals will get a hike of between 4%-8% depending on where they sit on the pay scale. In return, prosecutors may be required to work between 7am-7pm and there is a one-in-four weekend requirement for new joiners. The figures are higher than the 1%-1.5% average pay award that the government, in civil service guidance, said departments could make based on their own workforce needs. The guidance, published last year, also states that departments can give higher awards in exchange for plans to improve workplace productivity.The Gazette was told that the Crown Prosecution Service, following talks with the union, made a business case to the Treasury and the extra money will come out of the CPS budget.Steven Littlewood, a national officer at the FDA, said the pay rise was a ‘well overdue reward for long-serving staff, who have been trapped in the lower ends of pay range for years’.He said: ‘The pay rises in this deal are only the first piece in the puzzle of how to appropriately recognise loyal staff who are expected to work more flexibly. The CPS is under-resourced. There is a long-standing shortage of prosecutors. We look forward to working with the employer to achieve a reward system that is able to recruit and retain lawyers.’The FDA’s successful negotiations could anger criminal defence advocates. In his latest weekly update, Criminal Bar Association chair Chris Henley QC highlighted the inadequate brief fees in a murder trial which began yesterday involving eight defendants and 11,000 pages of evidence.Commenting on the pay rise, Henley told the Gazette that everyone involved in prosecution work should be paid properly. ‘CPS-employed staff will now benefit from large pay increases over the next two years. By contrast the barristers who prepare and present the most important and difficult prosecution cases are paid less than they were 20 years ago,’ he said.As well as not getting paid for considering unused material, ‘there is no flexi-working, sick pay, pension provision, or passing the buck for the barristers’.Henley added: ‘Hundreds of hours are now gifted to the CPS by every barrister who prosecutes every year. The public would be shocked at how badly the barristers upon whom the responsibilty for a case in court ultimately rests are now treated. Their commitment, professionalism and ethical conduct has not been reciprocated, it has been abused. Their quiet fury will soon become publicly deafening if immediate action is not taken. We have asked politely and been ignored for long enough.’ Henley’s comments were echoed by Richard Atkins QC, chair of the Bar Council. He said: ‘There can be no justification for one part of the system to receive a pay increase whilst another part is ignored. The Bar Council looks to the Director of Public Prosecutions to address this iniquity as a matter of urgency.’
AUSTRALIA: Heavy lifting equipment manufacturer Mechan has completed its first delivery to Australia, supplying a pair of 10 tonne bogie rotators to Downer Rail’s rolling stock maintenance depot at Newport in Victoria.The rotators comprise two independent structures which hold a bogie frame in place while it is rotated through 360°. UK-based Mechan typically produces rotators to support between 6 and 8 tonnes, but Downer Rail required capacity of 10 tonnes and the ability to handle up to 10 types of locomotive. As a result, the rotators are the heaviest that Mechan has produced at its Sheffield plant, and incorporate design modifications including extra bolt holes. The rotators were supplied through local distributor Unique Rail. ‘Having supplied a similar order to Asia last year, we were confident the equipment would meet the needs of our Antipodean colleagues’, said Mechan Managing Director Richard Carr. ‘It was installed successfully by Unique and is now being used by a very satisfied client.’
EUROPE: Leasing company Touax announced on December 21 that its Touax Rail subsidiary had acquired approximately 2 000 wagons from GE Rail Services GmbH, GE Capital Rail Services Ltd and GE Capital Rail Ltd. Touax said the vehicles it had acquired were ‘complementary’ to those it already manages; they include open wagons, aggregate hoppers, steel coil wagons, sliding wall wagons for the transport of palletised and white goods and intermodal wagons for containers and trailers. The acquisition was financed by a consortium of investors through a special purpose company. Debt financing was provided by ING Bank and DVB Bank as mandated arrangers, with ING Bank as agent and security trustee. ‘This transaction increases the wagon fleet under Touax management by 23%, establishes its position in the UK and strengthens continental Europe’, said Fabrice Walewski, Managing Partner of Touax group. ‘The addition of this fleet enables Touax to offer a larger diversification of wagons to better serve transport and logistics operators as well as industrial customers. Our clients will benefit from the operational and technical expertise of an enlarged team comprising Touax and former GE Rail Services staff.’
Hello, once again my fellow Roblox fans. Once more we publish our weekly roundup of the top games we’ve been playing on Roblox. As ever these may not be new games but they are new discoveries for us. Each week we spend hours checking out a variety of Roblox games so that we can bring the best of the bunch to you!This week we have three games to recommend all of which are quite different so hopefully, there’s something in there for everyone.View the Heroes Online release trailer below:Our first title is Heroes Online by Bloxxit Studios. Heroes Online is best described as an action RPG. In Heroes Online you can play as a hero or a villain. Your aim is to simply complete quests in order to level up your character but beware, PVP is active all the time and I found that higher level players would quite frequently hang around the starter area to gank newer players. This game stands out for me because of how fast it plays. As you progress you quickly unlock new abilities which not only look cool on-screen but also do some devastating damage.Our next title is Arsenal by ROLVe Community. Arsenal is very much a CS:GO in terms of its playstyle and is very exciting for it. It’s a fast and fluid shooter with very quick respawn times so you’re not out of the action for very long when you get killed. An interesting touch is that when you kill an enemy you automatically pick up their weapon (even if they were miles away) and have to use it. This forces you to try all of the weapons in the game, often in a single map, and means you need to adapt on the fly.View the Arsenal trailer below:Our final title is the Roblox classic Theme Park Tycoon 2 by Den_S. In Theme Park Tycoon 2 you are given free rein to create the theme park of your dreams. You start with a more or less blank canvas. If you want to keep things simple and just place rides and paths then you can approach it this way. If, however, you want a more detailed experience you’re covered too as you can go as far as changing the level of the ground to truly customise your theme park. There are loads of rides to choose from and it will have you glued to the screen for hours.Check out YouTuber Denis playing Theme Park Tycoon 2 below:That’s it for this week folks, hopefully, you’ll like at least one of the titles we’ve recommended and remember to come back next week for more recommendations.
Credit: Walter Presents Credit: Walter Presents Credit: Walter Presents Credit: Walter Presents Twisted French psychological thriller The Other Mother is coming to Channel 4 courtesy of Walter Presents.Created by Véronique Lecharpy, Toma De Matteis and Pascal Elbé, the series stars Anne Charrier, Pascal Elbé and Sophie Quinton. The series is about a young boy who claims that his mother isn’t his real mother. Despite being urged by a child psychologist to take up the case, the police face a tough choice; risk allowing the boy to stay with the wrong parents, or trust the word of a child and ruin a family’s life forever?When three-year-old Malone insists that his mummy is not his mummy, child psychologist Vasile believes him. Police captain Marianne, however, is much more sceptical and is already occupied solving a serious robbery in which millions of euros have been stolen and two fugitives are still at large.But they are running out of time; Malone’s memories are fading fast and if his story is not just child’s play, it would be criminal to ignore it. Can you trust a young child with an overly active imagination?Or could this be a sophisticated case of kidnapping? Forced together by the case, Vasile and Marianne embark on a passionate affair, further complicating two investigations that could be more intertwined than they appear…Pascal Elbé, who plays Detective Papy, starred alongside Alexandra Lamy in Harlan Coben’s No Second Chance while Anne Charrier is critically acclaimed in France, winning the Best Actress award at the Festival de la Fiction TV and best supporting actress at the Olympus Film Festival.Viewers may recognise Pascal Elbé, who plays Detective Papy, for starring alongside Alexandra Lamy in Harlan Coben’s No Second Chance. Lead actress Anne Charrier is critically acclaimed in France, winning the Best Actress award at the Festival de la Fiction TV and best supporting actress at the Olympus Film Festival.Walter Presents: The Other Mother premieres at 11pm on Sunday 3rd May on Channel 4. The full boxset will be available on Walter Presents via All 4 immediately after transmission of first episode. Preview the series with our gallery below: Credit: Walter Presents Credit: Walter Presents Credit: Walter Presents Credit: Walter Presents Credit: Walter Presents