Alleged sexual assault of girl by garda referred to GSOC The officer in question is the subject of an ongoing probe. 21 Comments Friday 9 Dec 2016, 8:30 AM http://jrnl.ie/3129433 ALLEGATIONS THAT A garda sexually assaulted a girl aged 11 have been referred to the Garda Siochána Ombudsman Commission (GSOC).A garda spokesperson confirmed this today.The Irish Sun first reported the allegations this morning, saying the officer in question is the subject of an ongoing probe.A spokesperson from GSOC told TheJournal.ie they could not comment on the allegation. Image: Niall Carson Image: Niall Carson 15,091 Views By Aoife Barry Tweet thisShare on FacebookEmail this article Share Tweet Email1 Dec 9th 2016, 8:30 AM Short URL
Tweet thisShare on FacebookEmail this article https://jrnl.ie/3316149 214 Comments Share2040 Tweet Email4 Update: Major Disruption to services due to Bus Éireann dispute, please see service details here https://t.co/rukH7fiLOU— Iarnród Éireann (@IrishRail) March 31, 2017 Short URL By Sean Murray We wish to advise customers that due to Bus Eireann pickets at depots there will be serious disruption to Dublin Bus services this morning.— Dublin Bus (@dublinbusnews) March 31, 2017 Source: Dublin Bus/Twitter Image: Eamonn Farrell/Rollingnews.ie Chaos for commuters with severe disruption to Irish Rail and Dublin Bus services this morning The companies said it is due to “orchestrated picketing” associated with Bus Éireann strike. NOTE: This is a developing story – find regular updates on our LIVEBLOG HERE >IRISH RAIL HAS advised customers that, “due to orchestrated picketing at depots” at a number of locations, there are major disruptions across its whole network of services this Friday morning.Also, Dublin Bus is advising it is experiencing “severe disruption” to services as a result of “organised secondary picketing at [their] depots”.Speaking to RTÉ’s Morning Ireland, Dublin Bus spokesperson Clíodhna Ní Fhátharta said that only a small number of buses made it out of the depots this morning and that the vast majority of bus services across the city and wider county would be affected. Source: Iarnród Éireann/Twitter Friday 31 Mar 2017, 7:24 AM Also speaking on RTÉ, Irish Rail spokesperson Barry Kenny said that he couldn’t “promise services would be restored later today”.Kenny added that refunds would be provided for anyone who had bought a ticket in advance, and customers would have the option to use their tickets on later services if they return this afternoon or evening.The company said it would continue to advise customers via its website and its Twitter page.It is expected these delays will persist throughout the day.Both Dublin Bus and Irish Rail said they had no warning ahead of the picketing, which Ní Fhátharta said began outside bus depots at 4am this morning.The Bus Éireann strike enters its eighth day today, and today’s delays were mirrored by day one of the strike last Friday, when there were also delays to services for Irish Rail.Read: ‘I can’t get to work’: Here’s how the Bus Éireann strikes have been affecting youRead: Shane Ross says he ‘has no ministerial magic wand’ that will solve Bus Éireann crisis Irish Rail, meanwhile, said it couldn’t guarantee any services across DART and Dublin Commuter, with cancellations on Intercity routes also expected.The list of cancellations is extensive:DART – All services currently cancelled except the 5.40 Bray to Malahide, and the 7.00 Malahide to BrayMaynooth/M3 – All services cancelledDrogheda – Services from Drogheda/Dundalk to Dublin currently operating but no service in the opposite direction.Portlaoise/Kildare – All services cancelled except 5.55 and 6.35 trains to HeustonAthlone/Dublin, Cork/Dublin, Westport/Dublin – all cancelled.Limerick/Dublin, Waterford/Limerick Junction – services operating at the moment.There are also delays linking Dublin to Rosslare and Gorey, Belfast and Galway. Image: Eamonn Farrell/Rollingnews.ie Mar 31st 2017, 7:24 AM 98,346 Views
Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsApp Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsAppBahamas, July 16, 2017 – Nassau – Jerome Sawyer, president of the Miss Bahamas Organization, and 2017 Miss World Bahamas contestants paid a courtesy call on Governor General Her Excellency Dame Marguerite Pindling at Government House on Wednesday, July 12, 2017.Press Release: BIS(BIS Photo/Derek Smith) Related Items:
Clark County’s economy expanded in October at a pace not seen in nearly a decade, the region’s labor economist reported Tuesday, adding 7,300 jobs over the year and posting an annualized growth rate of 5.2 percent.It’s a positive economic cycle driven by continued business investment and an uptick in consumer spending, said Scott Bailey, regional labor economist for the state Employment Security Department. “People get a bit more job security, so they’re able to spend more,” he said. And the county appears to be transitioning from the long economic recovery to expansion. “We’re pretty close to being in an expansion mode,” Bailey said.Still, concerns linger. Some people remain on the job-market sidelines, having given up looking for work in the fallout of the Great Recession, while others are still working part-time as they seek full-time positions. And strong job growth has yet to translate to bigger paychecks.“We still have a ways to go because of the underemployed,” Bailey said. Nevertheless, Clark County’s labor market results in October were mostly positive.The last time the county recorded a 5 percent annualized growth rate was in 2005. “We are in a growing metro area,” Bailey said, serving as a suburban region “that still has room to expand.”
FORT LAUDERDALE, FLA. (WSVN) – Authorities are hoping the public will help them locate a woman who, they said, robbed a Fort Lauderdale bank.The FBI released a surveillance still of a woman in a wool hat who, they said, demanded money from an employee at the Chase branch located on East Broward Boulevard and Southeast Eight Avenue in Fort Lauderdale, Friday, at around 12:30 p.m.Investigators have not disclosed how much money was taken.If you have any information on this bank robbery, call Broward County Crime Stoppers at 954-493-TIPS. Remember, you can always remain anonymous, and you may be eligible for a $3,000 reward.Copyright 2019 Sunbeam Television Corp. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.
Copyright 2019 Sunbeam Television Corp. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed. MIAMI (WSVN) – Police are investigating a shooting involving an officer that sent one man to the hospital.According to Miami-Dade Police, the incident happened along the 4900 block of Northwest 199th Street, Sunday.Investigators said officers responded to a call regarding a violent domestic dispute in the area.When they arrived at the scene, the female victim showed apparent signs of injury.Officials said a confrontation ensued when police made contact with the suspected offender, and the two parties fired shots.Police said the offender was shot several times in his lower extremities. The officer was not harmed.Miami-Dade Fire Rescue crews transported the offender to Ryder Trauma Center where he is listed in stable condition.
Share your voice Preview • 2019 Dodge Durango: Model overview, pricing, tech and specs There’s a 797-horsepower, supercharged V8 under this Durango’s hood. Dodge With its 475-horsepower, 6.4-liter V8, the Dodge Durango SRT is pretty much a muscle car with three rows of seats. But as it’s Fiat-Chrysler’s wont to Hellcat all the things, it was only a matter of time before the big Durango got a properly ludicrous engine upgrade. Enter the 797-horsepower Durango SRT Pursuit.Now, before you get your hopes up, let’s make one thing clear: this is purely a concept. Dubbed “Speed Trap,” the Durango SRT Pursuit was created solely for the purpose of participating in the annual One Lap of America race, which takes place from May 4 to 11.As its power output suggests, the Durango SRT Pursuit uses the supercharged, 6.2-liter V8 found under the hood of the Challenger Redeye. In addition to the added oomph, the one-off SUV gets a free-flow, stainless-steel, cat-back exhaust, as well as a 0.6-inch lower ride height. 15.7-inch front and 13.8-inch rear Brembo brakes should provide excellent stopping power, set behind a unique set of 20-inch wheels, wrapped in 305/35ZR20 Pirelli P-Zero tires — the same rubber you’ll find on a Challenger SRT Hellcat Widebody. Good rubber is especially important, since One Lap rules stipulate that cars can only use one set of tires for the entire 4,000-mile extravaganza, with a single spare allowed for emergencies.The “Speed Trap” name comes from the Durango’s Pursuit Law Enforcement livery, which includes lights, sirens — the works. Inside, this SUV uses the same interior as the stock Durango SRT, though a four-point roll bar and five-point safety harness have been added per racing regulations.One Lap of America is a sort of successor to the original Cannonball Run of the 1970s, both of which were created by iconic automotive journalist Brock Yates. (His son, Brock Yates, Jr., now spearheads the annual One Lap event.) Racers will compete at eight tracks in seven different states over the course of one week. You can follow along on One Lap’s website.We’ll keep our fingers crossed that the inclusion of the “Speed Trap” Durango drums up enough positive interest for Dodge to consider putting it into production. After all, if there’s one brand that isn’t afraid to shoehorn huge engines into its cars in order keep them fresh, it’s Dodge. More about 2019 Dodge Durango SRT AWD 73 Photos More From Roadshow 2019 Dodge Durango SRT: A big utility with big performance Post a comment Dodge Tags 2019 Dodge Durango SRT review: Three-row muscle car SUVs Performance Cars Dodge Review • 2019 Dodge Durango SRT review: Three-row muscle car 2018 Dodge Challenger SRT Demon: Holy hell 0 2018 Jeep Grand Cherokee Trackhawk: Everything is better with 707 horsepower
$299 at Amazon Favreau is the show’s executive producer and is currently writing the second season of the series. He’s so dedicated to his vision, Favreau says, that he “wrote four of the episodes before I even had a deal, because I wanted to do this but only if they wanted to do the version that I wanted to do.”Favreau says Disney Plus fits the kind of story he wants to tell with The Mandalorian.”There’s an opportunity to tell a story that’s bigger than television, but you don’t have the same expectations that a big holiday release has, which to me isn’t that type of Star Wars that comes out of me,” he said. “The type of Star Wars that I’m inspired to tell is a smaller thing with new characters.”Pedro Pascal, best known for playing Oberyn Martell in Game of Thrones, will play the main character, a lone Mandalorian gunfighter operating in the outer reaches of the galaxy. The show will debut when Disney Plus launches on Nov. 12. Boost Mobile Originally published Aug. 21, 9:11 a.m. PT. Star Wars land: Everything we saw at Disneyland’s Galaxy’s Edge See at Amazon More on Star Wars Share your voice Share your voice Post a comment Best laptops for college students: We’ve got an affordable laptop for every student. Best live TV streaming services: Ditch your cable company but keep the live channels and DVR. Recently updated to include digital-photo-frame capabilities, the Lenovo Smart Clock brings Google Assistant goodness to your nightstand. It’s a little smaller than the Amazon Echo Show 5, but also a full $30 less (and tied with Prime Day pricing) during this Best Buy Labor Day sale. JBL Soundgear wearable speaker: $90 (save $160) Rylo Chris Monroe/CNET $999 DJI’s answer to GoPro’s action cameras is rugged little model that’s shockproof, dustproof and waterproof down to 11 meters. It normally runs $350, but this deal drops it to $261 when you apply promo code 19LABOR10 at checkout. Best Buy 7 The Mandalorian premieres on Disney Plus in November. Lucasfilm Star Wars fans, get ready for a novel twist on the famed universe. Ahead of this weekend’s Disney D23 Expo, filmmaker Jon Favreau said his upcoming Disney Plus series, The Mandalorian, will draw on some of the wilder aspects of sci-fi worlds.”I’m trying to evoke the aesthetics of not just the original trilogy but the first film,” Favreau told The Hollywood Reporter. “Not just the first film, but the first act of the first film. What was it like on Tatooine? What was going on in that cantina? That has fascinated me since I was a child, and I love the idea of the darker, freakier side of Star Wars, the Mad Max aspect of Star Wars.” Amazon $520 at HP Read Google Home Hub review Read the Rylo camera preview Tags The Cheapskate Sprint CNET may get a commission from retail offers. Google Nest Hub: $59 (save $70) See at Turo TV and Movies Use promo code 19LABOR10 to get an unusually good deal on JBL’s interesting hybrid product — not quite headphones, and not quite a traditional speaker, but something you wear like neckphones to listen to music on the go. $90 at Daily Steals via Google Express Review • iPhone XS review, updated: A few luxury upgrades over the XR Angela Lang/CNET What’s cooler: A snapshot of a firework exploding in front of you, or full 360-degree video of all the fireworks and all the reactions to seeing them? Oooh, ahhh, indeed. At $250, the compact Rylo dual-lens camera is selling for its lowest price yet. And for an extra $50, you can get the bundle that includes the waterproof housing.This deal runs through Sept. 3; it usually costs $500. Read the AirPods review Rian Johnson’s Star Wars movies will feature new characters Star Wars Barbie dolls look like they’re from the planet Vogue Star Wars star Mark Hamill reveals worst advice he ever gave Sarah Tew/CNET $999 Lenovo Smart Clock: $59.99 (save $20) Tidal 3-month family subscription: $5.99 (save $54) Sarah Tew/CNET Apple AirPods with Wireless Charging Case: $155 (save $45) $155 at Google Express Turo Free Echo Dot with an Insignia or Toshiba TV (save $50) Sarah Tew/CNET See it Read DJI Osmo Action preview Rylo 5.8K 360 Video Camera: $250 (save $250) HP Laptop 15t Value: $520 (save $780) Formerly known as the Google Home Hub, Google’s Nest Hub packs a wealth of Google Assistant goodness into a 7-inch screen. At $59, this is within a buck of the best price we’ve seen. It lists for $129 and sells elsewhere in the $89-to-$99 range.This is one item of many available as part of eBay’s Labor Day Sale (which, at this writing, doesn’t specifically mention Labor Day, but that’s how it was pitched to us). Tags $59 at eBay $999 Disney Star Wars,I’m shocked — shocked! — to learn that stores are turning Labor Day into an excuse to sell stuff. Wait — no, I’m not. As much as I respect the original intent of the holiday (which became official back in 1894), to most of us, it’s just a bonus day off — one that’s blissfully tacked onto a weekend. So, yeah, stores; go ahead, run your sales. I’m listening. Perhaps unsurprisingly, Labor Day doesn’t bring out bargains to compete with the likes of Black Friday (which will be here before you know it), but there are definitely some sales worth your time.For example:We’ve rounded up the best Labor Day mattress deals.We’ve also gathered the best Labor Day laptop deals at Best Buy.Be sure to check out Amazon’s roughly three dozen Labor Day deals on TVs and audio. Google Express is having a big sale as well, one that includes deals on game consoles, AirPods, iPhones, laptops and more.Below I’ve rounded up a handful of individual items I consider to be the cream of the crop, followed by a handy reference guide to other Labor Day sales. Keep in mind, of course, that products may sell out at any time, even if the sale itself is still running. Note that CNET may get a share of revenue from the sale of the products featured on this page. TVs Speakers Mobile Accessories Cameras Laptops Automobiles Smart Speakers & Displays Lenovo 130-15AST 15.6-inch laptop: $210 (save $90) $60 at Best Buy See It See It Read Lenovo Smart Clock review Turo: Save $30 on any car rental $261 at Daily Steals via Google Express See It An Echo Dot makes a fine match for any Fire edition TV, because you can use the latter to say things like, “Alexa, turn on the TV.” Right now, the 24-inch Insignia Fire TV Edition starts at just $100, while the 32-inch Toshiba Fire TV Editions is on sale for $130. Just add any Fire TV Edition to your cart, then add a third-gen Echo Dot, and presto: The latter is free. The problem with most entry-level laptops: They come with mechanical hard drives. That makes for a mighty slow Windows experience. This Lenovo model features a 128GB solid-state drive, so it should be pretty quick to boot and load software, even with its basic processor. Plus, it has a DVD-burner! That’s not something you see in many modern laptops, especially at this price. Sarah Tew/CNET Comments 74 Photos DJI Osmo Action camera: $261 (save $89) $6 at Tidal Mentioned Above Apple iPhone XS (64GB, space gray) I thought this might be a mistake, but, no, the weirdly named HP Laptop 15t Value is indeed quite the value at this price. Specs include an Intel Core i7 processor, 12GB of RAM, a 256GB solid-state drive and a 15.6-inch display. However, I strongly recommend paying an extra $50 to upgrade that display to FHD (1,920×1,080), because you’re not likely to be happy with the native 1,366×768 resolution. Other Labor Day sales you should check out Best Buy: In addition to some pretty solid MacBook deals that have been running for about a week already, Best Buy is offering up to 40% off major appliances like washers, dryers and stoves. There are also gift cards available with the purchase of select appliances. See it at Best BuyDell: Through Aug. 28, Dell is offering an extra 12% off various laptops, desktops and electronics. And check back starting Aug. 29 for a big batch of Labor Day doorbusters. See it at DellGlassesUSA: Aug. 29 – Sept. 3 only, you can save 65% on all frames with promo code labor65. See it at GlassesUSALenovo: The tech company is offering a large assortment of deals and doorbusters through Labor Day, with the promise of up to 56% off certain items — including, at this writing, the IdeaPad 730S laptop for $700 (save $300).See it at LenovoLensabl: Want to keep the frames you already love and paid for? Lensabl lets you mail them in for new lenses, based on your prescription. From now through Sept. 2 only, you can save 20% on the blue light-blocking lens option with promo code BLOCKBLUE. See it at LensablSears: Between now and Sept. 7, you can save up to 40% on appliances (plus an additional 10% if you shop online), up to 60% on mattresses, up to 50% on Craftsman products and more. The store is also offering some fairly hefty cashback bonuses. See it at SearsMore to come! Note: This post was published previously and is continuously updated with new information.CNET’s Cheapskate scours the web for great deals on tech products and much more. For the latest deals and updates, follow the Cheapskate on Facebook and Twitter. Questions about the Cheapskate blog? Find the answers on our FAQ page, and find more great buys on the CNET Deals page. Though not technically a Labor Day sale, it’s happening during Labor Day sale season — and it’s too good not to share. Nationwide Distributors, via Google Express, has just about the best AirPods deal we’ve seen (when you apply promo code ZBEDWZ at checkout). This is for the second-gen AirPods with the wireless charging case. Can’t imagine these will last long at this price, so if you’re interested, act fast. 0 Spotify and most other streaming services rely on compressed audio, which robs the listener of full fidelity. Enter Tidal, the only “major” service that delivers lossless audio — meaning at least on par with CD quality, if not better. Want to see (er, hear) the difference for yourself? Grab this excellent extended trial while you can. It’s just $6 for three months, and it’s good for up to six listeners. $210 at Best Buy Apple iPhone XS Preview • iPhone XS is the new $1,000 iPhone X Turo is kind of like Uber meets Airbnb: You borrow someone’s car, but you do all the driving. I’ve used it many times and found it a great alternative to traditional car-rental services — in part because you get to choose exactly the vehicle you want (not just, say, “midsize”) and in part because you can often do pickup and dropoff right outside baggage claim.Between now and Sept. 1, the first 300 people to check out can get $30 off any Turo rental with promo code LDW30. $999
Zaheerabad: Municipal Commissioner Vikram Simha Reddy inspected SC, ST, BC voters enumeration at various wards in Zaheerabad town on Tuesday. He directed officials concerned to ensure there are no mistakes in the counting. He said the enumeration is being conducted with 32 staff at 72 poling centers. RO Prabhakar, Senior Assistant Srinivas Gupta, Annapurna and others were present.
Microsoft Co-Founder Paul Allen Dies After Cancer Battle Microsoft is back in the hot waters over serious discrimination and harassment claims made by several female employees and the company’s alleged failure to address the problems. From being called a “bitch” at work to being asked to sit on co-worker’s lap, several Microsoft employees have shared their horrific ordeals of sexual harassment and gender discrimination at one of the largest software firms in the world.Over 100 employees attended an employee meeting with the company CEO Satya Nadella on Thursday, seeking an action to address the claims made by several female employees. Several employees who attended the Q&A came dressed in white, a move inspired by the US congresswomen who wore white during Donald Trump’s State of the Union address in February.Nadella expressed his disappointment and was empathetic towards the concerns raised at the Q&A meeting. Kathleen Hogan, Microsoft’s head of human resources, has promised employees additional transparency on growth and advancement within the company, the Wired quoted an employee who was a part of the meeting as saying.Both Hogan and Nadella have promised employees facing such discrimination and harassment at work can approach them directly and that they will do everything to stop it. Employees are encouraged to meet with Microsoft’s chief diversity officer to discuss programs that will effectively tackle the problems at hand. A Microsoft logo is seen on an office building in New York City in this July 28, 2015 file photo.REUTERS/Mike Segar/Files”I would like to offer to anyone who has had such demeaning experiences including those who felt were dismissed by management or HR to email me directly. I will personally look into the situation with my team. I understand the devastating impact of such experiences, and [Nadella] wants to be made aware of any such behavior, and we will do everything we can to stop it,” Hogan wrote in response to the series of horrific experiences shared over a thread that was started last month.From an email to a thread of horrorsIt all started on March 20 when an employee sought advice from other women on how to grow within the organisation as she had hit a dead end despite several attempts at promotion and being stuck at the same position for six years. But that email inspired many other women to come forward and share their experiences of discrimination and sexual harassment.Hundreds of employees responded to the email, forming a thread, which included Nadella and chief legal officer, Brad Smith, too. Quartz verified the contents of the emails with two employees within the firm. Satya Nadella [Photo: Microsoft CEO Satya Nadella gestures as he addresses students and young entrepreneurs during a conference in New Delhi, India May 30, 2016. ]ReutersThe email thread gave a voice to the victims of female employees at Microsoft and the response from the senior leadership team suggests it was the right thing to do. The shocking revelations made by Microsoft employees and the fact that the matters were passed over by HR gives a sense of how deep the problem runs in the corporate world.The female employees at Microsoft have been asked for sexual favours, sexually harassed, deemed unfit for a designated role and even stopped from getting promotions.”This thread has pulled the scab off a festering wound. The collective anger and frustration is palpable. A wide audience is now listening. And you know what? I’m good with that,” one Microsoft employee in the email chain wrote.Another employee said she was called a “bitch” at work on more than one occasion and women commonly dealt with such verbal abuse. “We did a roundtable with the women when I was in Xbox core [team] & every woman, except for 1, had been called a bitch at work,” the Microsoft employee wrote. The Microsoft logo is seen on an electronic billboard on an office building in New York City, July 28, 2015. The global launch of the Microsoft Windows 10 operating system will take place on July 29.ReutersIn another damning incident, a “Microsoft Partner” was asked to sit on someone’s lap twice at a meeting in front of HR and other executives. When objected to the remark and cited Microsoft policy, the person blatantly ignored and repeated the request, the employee wrote.Another employee said that she was an employee of a partner company threatened to kill her if she failed to perform certain sexual acts. When raised the concern with HR and management, the male manager told the woman “it sounded like he was just flirting” and asked to get over it. HR did nothing to address the problem.With the top management directly looking into the matter, there’s a shimmer of hope that the culture could change. The company had already dealt with a lawsuit in March last year for not taking matters of sexual harassment or discrimination seriously enough. Microsoft should learn from its mistakes, improve and do better. Close IBTimes VideoRelated VideosMore videos Play VideoPauseMute0:01/1:16Loaded: 0%0:02Progress: 0%Stream TypeLIVE-1:15?Playback Rate1xChaptersChaptersDescriptionsdescriptions off, selectedSubtitlessubtitles settings, opens subtitles settings dialogsubtitles off, selectedAudio Trackdefault, selectedFullscreenThis is a modal window.Beginning of dialog window. 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Share Chairman of the House Committee on Homeland Security Michael McCaul (U.S. House of Representatives, 10th District) joins host Gary Polland and guest co-host Jay Aiyer to discuss the state of cybersecurity in the United States. Topics include election tampering by Russia and China; border security; and the mail-bombs sent to critics of the President. Original air date: October 26, 2018.Watch more episodes of Red, White and Blue
An insect (1 mm) living in a forest canopy (10 m) illustrates the effects animal-bacterial interactions across multiple scales. Bacteria (1 micrometer) residing in the animal’s gut (0.1 mm) are essential to the insect’s nutrition, and insects often make up a majority of the animal biomass in forest canopies. Credit: Margaret McFall-Ngai, et al. ©2013 PNAS (Phys.org)—Throughout her career, the famous biologist Lynn Margulis (1938-2011) argued that the world of microorganisms has a much larger impact on the entire biosphere—the world of all living things—than scientists typically recognize. Now a team of scientists from universities around the world has collected and compiled the results of hundreds of studies, most from within the past decade, on animal-bacterial interactions, and have shown that Margulis was right. The combined results suggest that the evidence supporting Margulis’ view has reached a tipping point, demanding that scientists reexamine some of the fundamental features of life through the lens of the complex, codependent relationships among bacteria and other very different life forms. The percentage of the human genome that arose at a series of stages in evolution. 37% of human genes originated in bacteria. Credit: Margaret McFall-Ngai, et al. ©2013 PNAS Explore further Journal information: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences After helping get animals started, bacteria also played an important role in helping them along their evolutionary path. While animal development is traditionally thought to be directed primarily by the animal’s own genome in response to environmental factors, recent research has shown that animal development may be better thought of as an orchestration among the animal, the environment, and the coevolution of numerous microbial species. One example of this coevolution may have occurred when mammals evolved endothermy, or the ability to maintain a constant temperature of approximately 40 °C (100 °F) by metabolic means. This is also the temperature at which mammals’ bacterial partners work at optimum efficiency, providing energy for the mammals and reducing their food requirement. This finding suggests that bacteria’s preferred temperature may have placed a selection pressure on the evolution of genes associated with endothermy.Bacterial signaling Evidence for a deep-rooted alliance between animals and bacteria also emerges in both groups’ genomes. Researchers estimate that about 37% of the 23,000 human genes have homologs with bacteria and Archaea, i.e., they are related to genes found in bacteria and Archaea that were derived from a common ancestor.Many of these homologous genes enable signaling between animals and bacteria, which suggests that they have been able to communicate and influence each other’s development. One example is Hadfield and his group’s discovery that bacterial signaling plays an essential role in inducing metamorphosis in some marine invertebrate larvae, where the bacteria produce cues associated with particular environmental factors. Other studies have found that bacterial signaling influences normal brain development in mammals, affects reproductive behavior in both vertebrates and invertebrates, and activates the immune system in tsetse flies. The olfactory chemicals that attract some animals (including humans) to their prospective mates are also produced by the animals’ resident bacteria. Bacterial signaling is not only essential for development, it also helps animals maintain homeostasis, keeping us healthy and happy. As research has shown, bacteria in the gut can communicate with the brain through the central nervous system. Studies have found that mice without certain bacteria have defects in brain regions that control anxiety and depression-like behavior. Bacterial signaling also plays an essential role in guarding an animal’s immune system. Disturbing these bacterial signaling pathways can lead to diseases such as diabetes, inflammatory bowel disease, and infections. Studies also suggest that many of the pathogens that cause disease in animals have “hijacked” these bacterial communication channels that originally evolved to maintain a balance between the animal and hundreds of beneficial bacterial species. Signaling also appears in the larger arena of ecosystems. For example, bacteria in flower nectar can change the chemical properties of the nectar, influencing the way pollinators interact with plants. Human infants who are born vaginally have different gut bacteria than those delivered by Caesarean section, which may have long-lasting effects. And bacteria feeding on dead animals can repel animal scavengers—organisms 10,000 times their size—by producing noxious odors that signal the scavengers to stay away.In the gutIn the earliest animals, gut bacteria played an important role in nutrition by helping animals digest their food, and may have influenced the development of other nearby organ systems, such as the respiratory and urogenital systems. Likewise, animal evolution likely drove the evolution of the bacteria, sometimes into highly specialized niches. For example, 90% of the bacterial species in termite guts are not found anywhere else. Such specialization also means that the extinction of every animal species results in the extinction of an unknown number of bacterial lineages that have evolved along with it.Scientists have also discovered that bacteria in the human gut adapts to changing diets. For example, most Americans have a gut microbiome that is optimized for digesting a high-fat, high-protein diet, while people in rural Amazonas, Venezuela, have gut microbes better suited for breaking down complex carbohydrates. Some people in Japan even have a gut bacterium that can digest seaweed. Researchers think the gut microbiome adapts in two ways: by adding or removing certain bacteria species, and by transferring the desired genes from one bacterium to another through horizontal gene transfer. Both host and bacteria benefit from this kind of symbiotic relationship, which researchers think is much more widespread than previously thought.The big pictureAltogether, the recent studies have shown that animals and bacteria have histories that are deeply intertwined, and depend on each other for their own health and well-being as well as that of their environments. Although the researchers focused exclusively on animal-bacteria interactions, they expect that similar trends of codependency and symbiosis are universal among and between other groups, such as Archaea, fungi, plants, and animals. Once considered an exception, such intermingling is now becoming recognized as the rule—just as Margulis predicted many decades ago. Due to these symbiotic relationships, the scientists here propose that the very definitions of an organism, an environment, a population, and a genome have become blurred and should be reviewed. It may be, for instance, that animals are better viewed as host-microbe ecosystems than as individuals. The project to review the current research on animal-bacterial interactions began when some scientists recognized the importance of bacteria in their own fields of study. For Michael Hadfield, Professor of Biology at the University of Hawaii at Manoa, the recognition grew over many years while studying the metamorphosis of marine animals. He found that certain bacteria influence marine larvae to settle to particular places on the sea floor, where they transform into juveniles and live out the rest of their lives. “Once we determined that specific biofilm bacteria provide an essential and unique ligand to stimulate the larvae of one globally distributed marine worm, our research naturally progressed to a study of the portion of the bacterial genome responsible for the signaling, and to other species, where we found the same genes involved,” Hadfield told Phys.org. “Coming from different perspectives on the study of animal-bacterial interactions, and recognizing many more, Margaret McFall-Ngai [Professor of Medical Microbiology and Immunology at the University of Wisconsin, Madison] and I discussed the current situation extensively and then decided to attempt to draw together a significant number of experts on various approaches to the study of bacterial-animal interactions to draft a paper such as the one you have in hand. We proposed a ‘catalysis meeting’ on the subject to the National Science Foundation’s National Evolutionary Synthesis Center (NESCent), which was funded, and the project took off.”Bacteria surround usIn many respects, it’s easy to see the prominent role that bacteria play in the world. Bacteria were one of the first life forms to appear on Earth, about 3.8 billion years ago, and they will most likely survive long after humans are gone. In the current tree of life, they occupy one of the three main branches (the other two are Archaea and Eucarya, with animals belonging to the latter). Although bacteria are extremely diverse and live nearly everywhere on Earth, from the bottom of the ocean to the inside of our intestines, they have a few things in common. They are similar in size (a few micrometers), they are usually made of either a single cell or a few cells, and their cells don’t have nuclei. Symbiotic microbes induce profound genetic changes in their hosts Citation: We are living in a bacterial world, and it’s impacting us more than previously thought (2013, February 15) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2013-02-bacterial-world-impacting-previously-thought.html In addition, the scientists predict that the recent findings on animal-bacteria interactions will likely require biologists to significantly alter their view of the fundamental nature of the entire biosphere. Along these lines, large-scale research projects such as the Human Microbiome Project and the Earth Microbiome Project are already underway to investigate the wide range of bacteria in the individual and global systems, and to see what happens when the bacteria are disturbed. In the end, the scientists hope that the results will promote more cross-disciplinary collaboration among scientists and engineers from different fields to explore the new microbial frontier. They argue that these discoveries should revolutionize the way that biology is taught from the high school level on up, by focusing more on the relationships between bacteria, their animal partners, and all other life forms.”It is hard to summarize a single ‘most important conclusion,’ other than the admonition to biologists studying animals, from behavior to physiology and ecology to molecular biology, that no matter what process you think you are studying, you must look for and consider a major role for bacteria,” Hadfield said. “In many cases, this may require partnerships across traditional boundaries of research, meaning that zoologists must collaborate with microbiologists to advance their research, that molecular biologists must collaborate with whole-organism biologists, etc. We want badly for the message in ‘Animals in a bacterial world,’ to be a call for the necessary disappearance of the old boundaries between life science departments (e.g., Depts of Zoology, Botany, Microbiology, etc.) in universities, and societies (e.g., the American Society for Microbiology, etc.). We also want the message disseminated in college and university classes from introductory biology to advanced courses in the various topic areas of our paper.”The results will profoundly change the way that the scientists of this collaboration continue with their own areas of research, Hadfield said.”Each of the authors of our paper conducts basic research in one or more areas of animal-bacterial interactions discussed in the paper, and each will continue to focus on her/his own speciality, I’m sure,” he said. “However, I’m also certain that the interactions developed during the composition and writing of the paper (starting with our NESCent meeting in October 2011, when most of us met for the first time) will impact our own research and cause us to establish new collaborations with other laboratories. That has already occurred for me; I have a new collaboration with Dianne Newman’s group at CalTech, an outstanding group of bacteriologists who are helping us do a much more in-depth investigation of the bacterial gene-products responsible for larval development.” Although scientists have known for many years that animals serve as a host for bacteria, which live especially in the gut/intestines, in the mouth, and on the skin, recent research has uncovered just how numerous these microbes are. Studies have shown that humans have about 10 times more bacterial cells in our bodies than we have human cells. (However, the total bacteria weigh less than half a pound because bacterial cells are much smaller than human cells.) While some of these bacteria simply live side-by-side with animals, not interacting much, some of them interact a lot. We often associate bacteria with disease-causing “germs” or pathogens, and bacteria are responsible for many diseases, such as tuberculosis, bubonic plague, and MRSA infections. But bacteria do many good things, too, and the recent research underlines the fact that animal life would not be the same without them.”The true number of bacterial species in the world is staggeringly huge, including bacteria now found circling the Earth in the most upper layers of our atmosphere and in the rocks deep below the sea floor,” Hadfield said. “Then add all of those from all of the possible environments you can think of, from cesspools to hot springs, and all over on and in virtually every living organism. Therefore, the proportion of all bacterial species that is pathogenic to plants and animals is surely small. I suspect that the proportion that is beneficial/necessary to plants and animals is likewise small relative to the total number of bacteria present in the universe, and surely most bacteria, in this perspective, are ‘neutral.’ However, I am also convinced that the number of beneficial microbes, even very necessary microbes, is much, much greater than the number of pathogens.”Animal origins and coevolutionFrom our humble beginnings, bacteria may have played an important role by assisting in the origins of multicellular organisms (about 1-2 billion years ago) and in the origins of animals (about 700 million years ago). Researchers have recently discovered that one of the closest living relatives of multicellular animals, a single-celled choanoflagellate, responds to signals from one of its prey bacterium. These signals cause dividing choanoflagellate cells to retain connections, leading to the formation of well-coordinated colonies that may have become multicellular organisms. However, such questions of origin have been subjects of intense debate, and scientists have many hypotheses about how these life forms emerged. A bacterial role in these processes does not exclude other perspectives but adds an additional consideration. Bacteria in an animal’s microbiota, such as those in the gut, in the mouth, and on the skin, communicate among themselves and exchange signals with the animal’s organ systems. Some of the chemical signals are noted in this illustration. Credit: Margaret McFall-Ngai, et al. ©2013 PNAS More information: Margaret McFall-Ngai, et al. “Animals in a bacterial world, a new imperative for the life sciences.” PNAS Early Edition. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1218525110 Copyright 2013 Phys.org All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or part without the express written permission of Phys.org. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
Paddleboarding is usually a low risk alternative to surfing, unless you’re directly in the path of a pod of dolphins chasing a fish. The poor guy in this video thought he was going for a leisurely ride to become one with nature, instead he got body bagged by Flipper like a slot receiver going over the middle.Maybe they thought he was a Sea World trainer and wanted revenge.
Comments Share Arizona families, Arizona farms: A legacy of tradition embracing animal care and comfort through modern technology How men can have a healthy 2019 Top Stories Meghan McCain to release audiobook on conservatism, family 5 things to look for when selecting an ophthalmologist New high school in Mesa lets students pick career paths More Valley freeways to be closed this weekend for improvements Sponsored Stories GENEVA (AP) – U.N. human rights experts say they will visit Libya next week to examine the use of mercenaries to fight the uprising that eventually brought down Moammar Gadhafi’s four-decade dictatorship.Faiza Patel, head of the U.N. Human Rights Council panel, says it also aims to collect “direct and first-hand information” on private companies offering military aid, consultants and security to Gadhafi’s regime. Patel and another expert said Friday they will spend four days in Libya at the invitation of the government, which claims to have evidence linking Gadhafi’s son Seif al-Islam Gadhafi, to the supervision and planning of the recruitment of mercenaries in the civil war that ended the regime.The International Criminal Court prosecutor said in April that Libya also claims to have evidence linking Gadhafi’s son to executions.(Copyright 2012 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.) Think Tank analyzes the second round of Democratic debates
Source = e-Travel Blackboard: N.J Online booking site, Webjet is shooting high this year, upgrading its profit guidance for the full financial year.Announced yesterday, the company’s managing director John Guscic explained that based on results to 31 March this year, the company believes its profits for the year ending 30 June 2012 would be higher than $13 million, an 18 percent increase on the prior year. “This compares with guidance, as published on 8 February, where we indicated a profit increase of at least 10 percent on the previous year’s result of $11 million,” Mr Guscic said.“April to date continues in live with the trend reorded to 31 March 2012.”
Tiffany SizemoreGateway First Bank, one of the ten largest banks in Oklahoma and one of the largest mortgage bank operations in the United States, announced the appointment of Tiffany Sizemore as its Bank Secrecy Act (BSA) Officer.In this role, Sizemore is responsible for the development, implementation and enforcement of Gateway’s BSA compliance program and coordination with state and federal regulators on these matters.“We are happy to welcome Tiffany join the team. She has a strong knowledge of banking laws, regulations and operations relative to the Bank Secrecy Act, anti-money laundering measures and related matters,” said Scott Gesell, Chief Administrative Officer of Gateway. “Her strong commitment to ethics and familiarity with regulatory and operational activities make Tiffany a strong asset to the team. We look forward to working with her.”Before joining the Oklahoma-based Gateway, Sizemore was Vice President of BSA and fraud officer with another bank in the Tulsa, Oklahoma area, where she oversaw the corporate-wide BSA program and conducted annual BSA training for bank staff and the board of directors. She is a Certified Anti-Money Laundering Specialist (CAMS) and earned a bachelor’s degree in Finance from Oklahoma State University.“I am excited to join the Gateway team at such an exciting time of transition,” Sizemore said. “Gateway strives to be an industry leader and has experienced a long tradition of success. I look forward to overseeing the bank’s compliance initiatives as Gateway continues to grow and strive for excellence.” June 21, 2019 380 Views New Bank Secretary Act Officer Named for Mortgage Bank Mortgage Bank 2019-06-21 Mike Albanese Share in Headlines, News
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