first_imgTuesday 7 May 2019 7:47 am The green rush? The UK’s cannabis industry is reaching dizzying new highs This is just one of the developments that global players in the market will be discussing when they descend on London on 18 May for the Women, CBD & Medical Cannabis Conference.Why the gender angle? This is a new industry that really works to understand female consumers – a demographic that virtually doubled in the US in 2018 – and is leading in terms of its practices around sustainability and equal opportunities.Female empowerment in the fast-emerging global medical cannabis business has become a big theme in 2019, and the number of women in leadership positions continues to consistently outstrip the national average.As Britain’s medical cannabis regulations undergo further reform, I am excited about the opportunities. There have been recent calls in the European Parliament to create a region-wide resolution on medical cannabis, while the UN has released positive findings from studies on both CBD and THC.Change is in the air. It’s an exciting time to be in this industry – for me personally, and for the UK as a whole. Hannah Simon City A.M.’s opinion pages are a place for thought-provoking views and debate. These views are not necessarily shared by City A.M. Share When it comes to the burgeoning legal cannabis market, this is already the reality. According to the UN’s International Narcotics Control Board, the UK is one of the largest legal cannabis producers in the worldIn 2016 alone, the UK’s production doubled to 95 tonnes, making it responsible for growing nearly half of the world’s legal cannabis. In 2017, it was responsible for 69 per cent of global exports, with the majority going directly to the US.While the focus of the commercial conversation so far has largely centred on developments in North America, in Britain the domestic discourse has surrounded local patients, personal stories, and the lack of infrastructure regionwide. Yet behind the scenes, the UK has stayed busy, becoming one of the world’s largest producers and exporters of medical cannabis.Since 2000, the “green rush” has led to political developments and a shift in mainstream discourse around cannabis, with more and more European countries developing medical programmes and establishing prosperous industries in the process.According to the consultancy Prohibition Partners, the European cannabis market could be worth in excess of £100bn by 2028. That’s more than twice the revenues that Apple reported in the region last year. by Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksYou May LikeFilm OracleThey Drained Niagara Falls – Their Gruesome Find Will Keep You Up All NightFilm OracleBleacherBreaker4 Sisters Take The Same Picture For 40 Years. Don’t Cry When You See The Last One!BleacherBreakerbonvoyaged.comThese Celebs Are Complete Jerks In Real Life.bonvoyaged.comDefinitionMost Embarrassing Mistakes Ever Made In HistoryDefinitionZen HeraldEllen Got A Little Too Personal With Blake Shelton, So He Said ThisZen HeraldPost FunA Coast Guard Spotted Movement On A Remote Island, Then Looked CloserPost FunDaily Funny40 Brilliant Life Hacks Nobody Told You AboutDaily FunnyHealthyGem20 Hair Shapes That Make A Man Over 60 Look 40HealthyGemMisterStoryWoman files for divorce after seeing this photoMisterStory Unsurprisingly, things are moving quickly. The campaigns of patients like Alfie Dingley and Billy Caldwell helped make history in the UK, with Dingley receiving the first legal cannabis prescription in Britain in November 2018, when the Home Office introduced new legislation which would make medical cannabis legal – much sooner than many analysts had anticipated.In the wake of this, the first medical cannabis clinics in the UK have been opened to assist patients with chronic conditions, with two more due to open before the end of the year in Birmingham and London.From an investment perspective, the positive domestic media attention, a growing global shift in attitudes, and the increasing number of countries moving towards legalisation of medical cannabis are opening the door for a few UK companies to float on London’s public exchanges.Already they are attracting buoyant backing from fund managers, institutional investors and more recently state investment funds.Navigating the cannabis market does have its complexities. High street stockists, such as Holland and Barrett, have been successful in promoting CBD ranges, as consumers have shown a sky-rocketing interest in CBD products, from lip balms to snack bars. However, the CBD market remains in a legal grey area, with regulators playing catch up to the innovation of the private sector. whatsapp Predicting the emergence of the UK’s next billion-pound industry is the dream of any investor.Yet what if, unbeknown to many of its citizens, the UK were already competing as a global leader in that market? whatsapp Opinion Tags: Trading Archivelast_img read more

first_imgPolitics | State GovernmentState Republican organization pulls support from dissidentsDecember 12, 2016 by Jay Barrett, KMXT-Kodiak Share:The Alaska Republican Party pulled support over the weekend for three of its members who have joined with Democrats and independents to form a state house majority coalition.They are Kodiak Representative Louise Stutes, Homer Rep. Paul Seaton and Anchorage Rep. Gabrielle LeDoux, who was once Kodiak’s representative.And while the three were not formally censured, the 56-4 vote did promise to remove all financial and re-election support.Stutes said she informed the party bosses from the get-go of her intentions.“It was no surprise to them,” she said. “I made it very clear that my first priority is to my constituency, my second priority is to the people of the state of Alaska, and third and fourth, are the party and caucus and that I intended to caucus with whomever was willing to move this state forward in helping form a sustainable budget.”Stutes said her decision was made easier by what she saw as obstructionism coming from others.“When I hear some of the legislators, the Republican legislators in the House, making comments such as, ‘I’m not doing anything until we have a Republican governor,’ that’s my first clue that they’re not interested in working in a sustainable budget,” Stutes said.Bob Brodie is the chairman of the District 32 Republicans.He phoned into the Republican Central Committee meeting and informed them that Stutes has the support of her constituency.“As I told the state central committee yesterday, Louise was elected over here, and since her organization with the Democrats, exactly zero people have called me to complain about it,” Brodie said. “I think people in Kodiak respect Louise for her hard work on behalf of Kodiak and that she would organize to accomplish things in the best interest of the Kodiak community.”Brodie also pointed out that most of the Democrats in the new House Majority caucused with the Republicans last year and in prior years.The Alaska Legislature convenes Jan. 17.Share this story:last_img read more

first_img2020 Alaska General Election | State GovernmentAlaska officials say hackers stole voter info, didn’t compromise election integrityDecember 3, 2020 by Nathaniel Herz, Alaska Public Media Share:Voters sign for their ballots at the Auke Bay precinct on Tuesday, Nov. 3, 2020, in Juneau, Alaska. (Photo by Rashah McChesney/KTOO)State officials said Thursday that hackers stole personal information like birth dates and driver’s license numbers of more than 100,000 Alaska voters, though they stressed that there was no effect on the results of last month’s election.The hackers gained unauthorized access to the state’s online voter registration system, which was built and maintained by a contractor and operated by the Alaska Division of Elections, officials said in a prepared statement Thursday.Republican Lt. Gov. Kevin Meyer, who supervises Alaska’s election system, learned of the hack Oct. 27, his office said in the statement.“I have some sad news. The state of Alaska was the victim of data exposure by outside actors,” Meyer said at a news conference held shortly afterward. While personal information was exposed, he added, “no other election systems or data were affected.”In 2016, state elections officials acknowledged that hackers accessed the server that hosts Alaska’s public elections website. But they said no damage was done and that it would not have been possible for the hacker to manipulate votes or results because of the state’s layers of cyber-defenses.This is a breaking news story — check back for updates.Share this story:last_img read more

first_img Trumpton: Ukip members not getting the Twitter joke Tags: Twitter Show Comments ▼ Oliver Smith Some Ukip members have failed to see the funny side of a spoof Twitter account that depicts the party’s members as characters in a 1960s children’s programme, Ukip’s economic spokesperson told  City A.M. yesterday. Ukip’s sole Scottish MEP David Coburn last week called for @Trumpton_UKIP to be banned and encouraged his own followers on Twitter to report the account to the social media service’s complaints department. Since then the parody account has reached over 18,000 followers. Trumpton “One or two Ukip’ers have had a bit of humour failure on Twitter, but I’d encourage them to see the joke, join in with the joke and subvert the joke,” Patrick O’Flynn told City A.M. “It’s no different to left wing comedians on Radio 4 – it does us no harm whatsoever,” he said. https://twitter.com/Trumpton_UKIP/status/540463270986264576 Ukip yesterday announced it has recruited veteran BBC political producer Paul Lambert, nicknamed Gobby, as communications director. Former Lib Dem spin doctor Mark Littlewood, who now runs the Westminster-based Institute of Economic Affairs, told City A.M. that it looks like a shrewd appointment: “This could turn out to be a very significant hire. Gobby’s one of the most straight-talking, fast-thinking journos in the Westminster village.” Share whatsapp whatsapp by Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksYou May LikeMisterStoryWoman Files For Divorce After Seeing This Photo – Can You See Why?MisterStoryTele Health DaveRemember Pierce Brosnan’s Wife? Take A Deep Breath Before You See What She Looks Like NowTele Health DaveMaternity WeekA Letter From The Devil Written By A Possessed Nun In 1676 Has Been TranslatedMaternity WeekThe No Cost Solar ProgramGet Paid To Install Solar + Tesla Battery For No Cost At Install and Save Thousands.The No Cost Solar ProgramHero Wars This game will keep you up all night! Hero Wars Ultimate Pet Nutrition Nutra Thrive SupplementIf Your Dog Eats Grass (Do This Every Day)Ultimate Pet Nutrition Nutra Thrive SupplementNational Penny For Seniors7 Discounts Seniors Only Get If They AskNational Penny For SeniorsFungus EliminatorIf You Have Toenail Fungus Try This TonightFungus EliminatorThe Chef PickElisabeth Shue, 57, Sends Fans Wild As She Flaunts Age-Defying FigureThe Chef Pick Monday 8 December 2014 12:02 amlast_img read more

first_img The research is getting underway at a time when the American Medical Association is advocating for a ban on prescription drug ads, the American public is infuriated over high drug prices, and pharmaceutical companies are increasingly advertising treatments for more serious conditions than had been seen on the airwaves before.The new study is part of an entire field of study by the FDA. In 2012, the agency published a report that found simple information in drug ads (a comparison to a placebo, for example) presented in certain ways helped people better understand how well the drug worked.advertisement APStock WASHINGTON — The Food and Drug Administration wants to figure out just how well older Americans are able to comprehend the prescription drug ads they see on TV.In an upcoming study, described in a notice posted publicly late last week, the agency will test whether Americans 60 and older understand some of the more complex information presented in the commercials they see between network news and NFL football games. They want to test whether people understand more complex ads as well as they did simpler ads — or if it is too much information for people to process.Americans 60 and older will participate in the studies, the agency said, because they are more likely to be interested in the drug being studied and therefore more motivated to pay attention. The FDA noted that older people use more prescription drugs and watch more television than younger people.advertisement Related: Lawmaker seeks to end tax breaks for consumer drug ads Related: Drug makers now spend $5 billion a year on advertising. Here’s what that buys. center_img PoliticsThe FDA wants to know how well older people understand TV drug ads Tags drug adsFDAgeriatricspolicy By Dylan Scott March 21, 2016 Reprints Julie Donohue, a University of Pittsburgh professor who has researched direct-to-consumer drug advertising, characterized the FDA’s new study as an attempt to determine “how much can we throw at people and expect them to retain?”Participants will be shown TV ads twice for a fictional medication for cataracts. They will then take a survey gauging how well they understood the information in the ad, how well they retained the information, and how they ultimately perceived the drug’s risks and benefits.The ads will vary. Some will describe side effects more simply, for example, occurring in “10 percent or less” of patients; others will be much more specific — say, 6 percent to 10 percent. Some ads will give only a single outcome for taking the drug (52 percent improved their vision); others will offer an additional outcome (52 percent improved their vision and people were able to see on average 85 out of 100 letters in an eye chart test).In a related study, the agency will also examine whether different visuals — one that accurately represents the drug’s benefits, another that overstates them, or no image at all — affect how people perceive the information in the ads. The FDA has also undertaken a separate project researching whether cartoons in drug ads distort how viewers perceive the drug’s risks and benefits. The question of what information in drug ads is useful to consumers dates back at least to a 2004 study published in Health Affairs by Drs. Steven Woloshin and Lisa Schwartz of Dartmouth University. They found that a “benefit box” helped lower people’s perception of how well a drug worked — people tend to be overly optimistic about how well advertised medications work without information being put in context, experts say.A 2011 study published in the Journal of Health Communication focused specifically on the elderly and found that their ability to understand drug ads was dependent on how well they were able to understand other kinds of medical information. If they were less literate in medical information, they were less able to understand the ads — a finding that “alerts us to the inadequate informational values of (direct-to-consumer) ads for consumers who truly need such information in order to be more educated and empowered,” the authors wrote.Meredith Rosenthal, a Harvard University professor who has studied drug advertising, said she wasn’t sure how much progress can be made in improving comprehension of TV drug ads. Some research suggests that drug ads mostly serve as a motivator to get people to go see their doctor, and so it’s not clear how much their content actually matters.“I’m not sure how critical it is that consumers understand those risks,” she said. “I think what’s critical is that physicians understand that.”She added, though, that she saw the FDA study as “a completely legitimate question to ask and potentially important pursuit.”And even if the net effect of most drug ads is driving people to the doctor’s office, Donohue thought more detailed information in those ads could still change people’s behavior.“I think this information could have an effect on whether patients actually ask for medications,” she said. “If it changes the perception of efficacy and safety … then it will change the behavior.”last_img read more

first_img He indicated that still more lawsuits against state Medicaid programs are planned, but would not discuss specifics.We should note that the Obama administration last fall wrote state Medicaid programs that they may be violating federal law by restricting access to hepatitis C medicines. Placing restrictions may be “contrary to the statutory requirements” of a federal law that requires state Medicaid programs to pay for all medically necessary treatments, Center for Medicare & Medicaid Services officials wrote in their notice to the state programs.A spokeswoman for the Washington State Health Care Authority said the court opinion is being reviewed.The opinion is only the latest instance in which a public or private insurer has been forced to reconsider its coverage policies toward hepatitis C medicines, which helped trigger a wave of controversy over the cost of prescription drugs.Last month, seven commercial insurers reached an agreement with the New York attorney general to remove barriers to coverage of pricey hepatitis C medicines. The health plans had to eliminate restrictions that require their members to have an advanced stage of the disease, such as liver scarring, before treatment would be considered medically necessary. And various commercial insurers in Washington state and California recently eased coverage restrictions in response to lawsuits filed by consumers.Meanwhile, lawsuits are pending against the Indiana Family and Social Services Administration and the Massachusetts prison system. And the Massachusetts Attorney General has threatened to file a lawsuit against Gilead if it did not lower prices. That standoff has not yet been resolved. By Ed Silverman May 27, 2016 Reprints Related: PharmalotWashington state told to lift restrictions on hepatitis C medicines Pharmalot Columnist, Senior Writer Ed covers the pharmaceutical industry. Ed Silverman Health plans reach deal with NY to cover hepatitis C drugs About the Author Reprints @Pharmalot Eric Risberg/AP Please enter a valid email address. “This is the first time a federal court has declared that widespread restrictions across a state Medicaid program is illegal for hepatitis C medicines,” said Kevin Costello, litigation director at the Center for Health Law and Policy Innovation at Harvard Law School. “It’s also important because this can be used to persuade other state officials to lift restrictions.” Newsletters Sign up for Pharmalot Your daily update on the drug industry. The Washington state Medicaid program has been ordered to lift restrictions on coverage of pricey hepatitis C treatments, according to a preliminary injunction issued Friday by a federal judge in Seattle.The ruling came in response to a lawsuit filed by state residents who claim the drugs are “medically necessary,” and that the decision by the Washington State Health Care Authority to provide coverage to only the sickest patients had caused them harm.In a strongly worded, 12-page opinion, United States District Court Judge John Coughenour agreed with their argument. He wrote that the facts “clearly favor” their contention that state policy violates federal law. In his view, the evidence “establishes that there is a consensus among medical experts and providers that the life-saving [drugs] are medically necessary” for all hepatitis C patients.advertisement Tags drug pricesGilead Scienceshepatitis Cpolicy Privacy Policy [email protected] The treatments boast very high cure rates but also are very costly, ranging in price from $54,600 to $94,500, depending upon doses and regimen, although this is before any rebates or discounts are applied. The hepatitis C treatments include Sovaldi and Harvoni, which are sold by Gilead Sciences, as well as medicines sold by Merck and AbbVie.One attorney who represents the state residents hailed the opinion.advertisement Leave this field empty if you’re human: last_img read more

first_img Facebook LinkedIn Twitter Business chart with glowing arrows and world map peshkov/123RF Keywords Economic indicatorsCompanies Statistics Canada Statistics Canada (StatsCan) reports that Canada’s merchandise trade deficit narrowed to $1.9 billion in January compared with a deficit of $3.1 billion in December.Economists had expected a deficit of $2.5 billion for January, according to Thomson Reuters Corp. Economy lost 68,000 jobs in May Related news Household debt-to-income ratio fell in first quarter: Statscan Canadian Press StatsCan reports that imports totalled $47.7 billion, down by 4.3% from a record level in December.Imports of industrial machinery, equipment and parts fell by 11.3% to $4.5 billion in January while imports of consumer goods dropped by 4.6% to $10 billion.On the other side of the ledger, exports fell by 2.1% in January to $45.8 billion as seven of 11 sectors slipped lower.Exports of motor vehicles and parts dropped by 5.7% to $7.2 billion in January, while exports of forestry products and building and packaging materials fell by 6.6% to $3.4 billion. Leading indicators signal steady rebound: OECD Share this article and your comments with peers on social medialast_img read more

first_img ESMA launches digital finance consultation Related news Amid a rise in remote working due to Covid-19, the European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) launched a consultation on outsourcing to the cloud.The proposals, which are out for comment until Sept. 1, aim to provide guidance to both industry firms and regulators about the risks and challenges arising from cloud outsourcing arrangements. Singapore’s financial regulator invests in innovation Keywords Pandemics,  Coronavirus,  OutsourcingCompanies European Securities and Markets Authority Notably, the paper highlights data security concerns and concentration risk, which could negatively affect financial stability.Among other things, the proposed guidelines set out due diligence standards, minimum requirements for outsourcing agreements, security standards, governance and oversight measures.“Cloud outsourcing can bring benefits to firms and their customers, for example reduced costs and enhanced operational efficiency and flexibility,” said Steven Maijoor, chair of the ESMA. “It also raises important challenges and risks that need to be properly addressed, particularly in relation to data protection and information security.”“Financial markets participants should be careful that they do not become overly reliant on their cloud services providers,” Maijoor added.“They need to closely monitor the performance and the security measures of their cloud service provider and make sure that they are able to exit the cloud outsourcing arrangement as and when necessary,” he said.The ESMA aims to issue final guidance by the first quarter of 2021. James Langton Regulators aim to root out pandemic-driven liquidity issues Data protection concept. GDPR. EU. Cyber security. Business man using mouse computer with padlock icon and internet technology network on blue background. 123RF Share this article and your comments with peers on social media Facebook LinkedIn Twitterlast_img read more

first_imgStudy debunks arguments behind continuing availability of tobacco at convenience stores The study, just published in international journal Tobacco Control, tested the validity of industry assertions around the importance of tobacco sales to convenience stores.Tobacco manufacturers and retailer groups have argued the product drives significant foot traffic into stores, and that those who buy tobacco spend almost twice as much on additional products as non-tobacco buying customers.Dr Louise Marsh.Dr Louise Marsh, of Otago’s Social and Behavioural Research Unit in the Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, says these assertions are a barrier to the Government developing policies to regulate tobacco supply and availability.“To meet the New Zealand Government’s goal of reducing smoking rates to minimal levels by 2025, new measures are required to accelerate reductions in smoking prevalence, including tobacco retail reduction measures.“Our study did not find evidence to support claims made about tobacco footfall in convenience stores, instead it supports policies to reduce tobacco availability,” she says.For the Lottery Health-funded research, which was supported by the Cancer Society of New Zealand, and Hāpai Te Hauora (the National Tobacco Control Advocacy Service), researchers undertook random surveys of more than 3,300 people (aged over 12) outside 100 convenience stores in two New Zealand cities.Tobacco was included in a minority of transactions (14 per cent) and was more often bought by itself (8 per cent) rather than with other items (5.5 per cent).“This outcome doesn’t support industry claims that tobacco is an important driver of add-on sales at convenience stores,” Dr Marsh says.Customers who bought tobacco and non-tobacco items spent on average $6.99 on non-tobacco items, while customers who bought non-tobacco items only spent on average $5.07. The most common purchases were food, such as takeaways, fruit, ice creams, pies and lollies.Ready-to-eat food made up 42 per cent of purchases, soft drink 40 per cent, while phone cards came in fourth on 5 per cent.“Reducing tobacco availability is a key strategy in the Achieving Smokefree Aotearoa Action Plan as there is good evidence that reducing access to it supports many people who want to quit.“This research calls into question industry claims about the importance of tobacco to convenience store businesses.”Publication details:Is the tobacco “footfall” argument justified for tobacco purchases in New Zealand convenience stores?Louise Marsh, Claire Cameron, Robin Quigg, Sarah Wood, Mei-Ling Blank, Noeleen Venter, Lathan Thomas, Lindsay Robertson, Janet Hoek, and Trudy Sullivan.Tobacco ControlDOI: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2020-056032 /Public Release. This material comes from the originating organization and may be of a point-in-time nature, edited for clarity, style and length. View in full here. Why?Well, unlike many news organisations, we have no sponsors, no corporate or ideological interests. We don’t put up a paywall – we believe in free access to information of public interest. Media ownership in Australia is one of the most concentrated in the world (Learn more). Since the trend of consolidation is and has historically been upward, fewer and fewer individuals or organizations control increasing shares of the mass media in our country. According to independent assessment, about 98% of the media sector is held by three conglomerates. This tendency is not only totally unacceptable, but also to a degree frightening). Learn more hereWe endeavour to provide the community with real-time access to true unfiltered news firsthand from primary sources. It is a bumpy road with all sorties of difficulties. We can only achieve this goal together. Our website is open to any citizen journalists and organizations who want to contribute, publish high-quality insights or send media releases to improve public access to impartial information. You and we have the right to know, learn, read, hear what and how we deem appropriate.Your support is greatly appreciated. All donations are kept completely private and confidential.Thank you in advance!Tags:cancer, food, Government, Ice, industry, Lottery, medicine, meet, New Zealand, research, Robertson, sales, smoking, Society, study, university, University of Otagolast_img read more

first_imgHon Andrew Peacock AC – Statement from Treasurer Liberal Party of AustraliaAustralia has lost one of its political greats in Andrew Peacock.Combining style and substance, he left an indelible mark on the Australian political scene. As Leader, Minister and Member for Kooyong for 28 years he carried the baton of his predecessor Sir Robert Menzies, championing Liberal ideals and providing strong and good government.There was no more popular and respected Liberal in the Victorian Division.Andrew held a number of senior portfolios in the Gorton, McMahon and Fraser Governments including Foreign Affairs, External Territories, Industry and Commerce, Industrial Relations and Army during the time of the Vietnam War.His warm and sincere relationship with the people of Papua New Guinea was well known and saw him awarded the Grand Companion of the Order of Logohu and with it the title of honorary chief. His role in Papua New Guinea’s Independence cannot be overstated.After his formal political career ended in 1994 he continued his public service as a distinguished and successful Australian Ambassador to the United States.Andrew was authentic, tough and possessed a dry sense of humour. He will be remembered fondly by those on both sides of the political aisle as he played his politics as he pursued life, with vigour, dignity and the utmost decency.I will be forever grateful to him for his generous friendship, advice and support, and feel so proud to be part of his wonderful legacy in Kooyong where he was an exceptionally popular local Member.My love and prayers are with Penne and his extended family at this difficult time.Farewell my friend. /Public Release. This material comes from the originating organization and may be of a point-in-time nature, edited for clarity, style and length. View in full here. Why?Well, unlike many news organisations, we have no sponsors, no corporate or ideological interests. We don’t put up a paywall – we believe in free access to information of public interest. Media ownership in Australia is one of the most concentrated in the world (Learn more). Since the trend of consolidation is and has historically been upward, fewer and fewer individuals or organizations control increasing shares of the mass media in our country. According to independent assessment, about 98% of the media sector is held by three conglomerates. This tendency is not only totally unacceptable, but also to a degree frightening). Learn more hereWe endeavour to provide the community with real-time access to true unfiltered news firsthand from primary sources. It is a bumpy road with all sorties of difficulties. We can only achieve this goal together. Our website is open to any citizen journalists and organizations who want to contribute, publish high-quality insights or send media releases to improve public access to impartial information. You and we have the right to know, learn, read, hear what and how we deem appropriate.Your support is greatly appreciated. All donations are kept completely private and confidential.Thank you in advance!Tags:Ambassador, AusPol, Australia, Australian, career, commerce, Family, Foreign Affairs, Government, Guinea, industry, Liberal Party of Australia, Menzies, Minister, Papua New Guinea, United States, Victoria, Vietnamlast_img read more