first_imgThe developed countries and some beneficiaries among developing countries continued to push for deepening globalisation and liberalisation ignoring the appeals of developing countries. They supported China’s WTO membership, as it was seen as a large, lucrative market and a source of cheap goods and labour. They forced through the launch of the WTO Doha Round of trade negotiations in 2001 under the pretext that it would be a development round. When it did not bring the desired results to secure increased access into the markets of developing countries and regulate new areas, they turned to negotiating even more complex free trade agreements outside of the WTO. They ensured that the world became more integrated further entrenching globalisation. Then came 2009 and the great financial collapse (the Great Recession) originating in the USA. It was the worst global recession since the 1930s Great Depression. It has taken several years for countries, including Jamaica, to dig themselves out of this economic crisis. Then came 2016 and the British voted by a narrow margin in a referendum to leave the European Union. This Brexit was fuelled by concerns about loss of sovereignty, jobs and migration. Britain is currently in a quagmire. In the USA, Donald Trump, with support in states hurting from the decline in manufacturing and other industries, won the presidential election. He promised to bring back jobs and to “make America great again”. Suddenly, these developed countries recognised that globalisation had resulted in inequalities and social discontent within their own countries. For Trump, the free trade agreements initiated and supported by his own Republican Party became the worse agreements ever; with America, the champion and beneficiary of globalisation and liberalisation, the victim. Now, he seem set to disrupt the post-war world order and has declared himself a nationalist. Ultra-conservative nationalist groups have gained prominence in the EU (Italy, Hungary, Poland, Austria, Germany, France) due to anxiety about sovereignty, migration, and economic instability. Brazil, seen as a globalisation beneficiary with great development potential, has faced recession and corruption scandals. Brazil has just elected an ultra-conservative president. So, here we are wondering whether the tide of globalisation can be stemmed after years of ignoring lessons of history and the concerns of developing countries and organisations such as UNCTAD, UN Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), the South Centre, Third World Network, and other bodies and individuals from developing countries. Self-interests often make countries and their transnational corporations, and even institutions, blind and deaf to the concerns of others until they are directly impacted themselves. Then the villains become other countries and peoples. What a world! CMO says Saint Lucia at critical stage of COVID-19 outbreak CARPHA Partners with, PAHO to Ensure Caribbean States’… Six Eastern Caribbean countries deemed safe for travel – CDC Oct 16, 2020 SMEs Urged To Leverage CARIFORUM-EU EPA(Barbados Government Information Service Press Release) Minister in the Ministry of Foreign Trade of Barbados, Sandra Husbands, has urged small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) to consider exporting to Martinique, Guadeloupe and other regional territories that have access to the European market. She was speaking at a regional workshop entitled Leveraging…June 25, 2019In “Associate Member States”Hub and Spokes Programme: providing critical Trade Support to Caribbean economiesGeorgetown, Guyana (April 23, 2018) – Caribbean development partners and beneficiaries of the Hub and Spokes Programme, an aid-for-trade initiative, began a three-day regional planning workshop (April 23 – 25), with appreciation of the programmes tangible impact on the ground. The workshop is being held at the Guyana Marriott Hotel…April 24, 2018In “CARICOM”Jamaica: 25 years at WTO [Part I]By Elizabeth Morgan Twenty-five (25) years ago, Jamaica formally became a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO) on 9th March 1995. The independent international organization, the WTO, superseded the United Nations (UN) affiliated General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) on 1st January 1995. Prior to this, Jamaica was…March 10, 2020In “Indepth”Share this on WhatsApp Oct 16, 2020 BY ELIZABETH MORGAN The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) and other organisations have defined globalisation as the dynamic and multidimensional integration of global economies through increasing international trade in goods and services and flows in investment and finance. These are fuelled by policy reforms and advances in information, communications and technology, as well as transportation. Globalisation has also facilitated the movement of labour, legal and illegal. It works along with liberalisation, which enables the opening of markets through removal of barriers to trade (tariff and non-tariff measures) and deregulation in the financial sector. Players include countries and transnational corporations, as well as multilateral organisations. Today, a product can have components produced in several countries through the global value chains which mean that the various stages of production and distribution take place in different countries. Barbados releases new COVID-19 Travel Protocols You may be interested in… Oct 15, 2020 Over 15 years or more Jamaica continued to join other developing countries at the UNGA, the WTO, UNCTAD, and in other international fora to express concern about the inequalities inherent in globalisation and liberalisation, especially if developing countries could not speedily put in place necessary reforms and access financing. Oct 16, 2020 Elizabeth Morgan is a specialist in international trade and politics. Share this:PrintTwitterFacebookLinkedInLike this:Like Loading… Professor Deepak Nayyar, in his 1998 essay ‘Globalisation: The past in our present’, pointed out that globalisation is not new. It actually accelerated between 1870 and 1913, the period of laissez faire (free trade). Nayyar stated that the lesson from history shows uneven development. He warned that globalisation in the later part of the 20th century demonstrated many similarities to that of the 19th century and was bound to produce uneven development not only between countries but within countries. He pointed out that in the late 20th century the few developing countries benefiting from globalisation were Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, South Korea, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Singapore, China, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Thailand. All other developing countries were seeing minimal, if any benefit. He saw the economic distance between countries increasing and income disparities among peoples widening. In their national interests, developed countries began to press for a further acceleration in globalisation from the 1980s onward. Liberalisation of trade was accelerated through the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) Uruguay Round (UR) of multilateral trade negotiations, which concluded in 1994. The GATT UR resulted in improved market access through reduction of barriers to trade and brought new areas under regulation such as trade in services, agriculture, textiles and clothing, and trade-related intellectual property rights (TRIPS). It also resulted in the creation of the World Trade Organization (WTO) outside of the UN system. Before the UR agreements could be implemented there was a further proposal to increase market access which led to a call for a new round of multilateral trade negotiations covering more new issues such as investment, competition, environment. and core labour standards. When this proposal encountered opposition the proponents moved to accelerate negotiation of bilateral and plurilateral free trade agreements with greater levels of liberalisation. Deregulation of the international financial system was also expanded. Liberalisation and deregulation for a number of developing countries, including Jamaica, however, occurred due to their acceptance of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World Bank structural adjustment programmes. Liberalisation of Jamaica’s economy was thus unilateral and occurred in the 1980s. A 1999 paper sponsored by the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, concluded that developing countries faced special risks that globalisation would exacerbate inequality in the coming decades, raising the political costs of inequality and the social tensions associated with it. It went on to say that a protectionist and populist backlash would be a shame as in a perverse twist, it would undermine the benefits that more open and globally integrated economies and policies could deliver to the peoples of the developing world. Since the 1990s, developing countries, including Jamaica, have been expressing their serious concern about the uncritical embrace of globalisation and liberalisation specifically by the developed countries, the USA, European Union (EU), other members of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), and the International Financial Institutions. In Jamaica’s 1998 policy statement at the UN General Assembly (UNGA), Seymour Mullings, then deputy prime minister and minister of foreign affairs and foreign trade, stated, “The reality is that the globalisation process is heightening patterns of uneven development among developed and developing countries and it is already very clear that there is no globalisation of benefits.” In 2008, then Prime Minister Bruce Golding, speaking on globalisation and the plight of developing countries, told the UNGA that solving the problems of developing countries required more than mere liberalisation of trade, privatisation and free capital flows. The focus, he indicated, had to be on global development, addressing limitations bedevilling developing countries, and not just on increasing global market access.last_img read more

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first_imgSubscribe to Building today and you will benefit from:Unlimited access to all stories including expert analysis and comment from industry leadersOur league tables, cost models and economics dataOur online archive of over 10,000 articlesBuilding magazine digital editionsBuilding magazine print editionsPrinted/digital supplementsSubscribe now for unlimited access.View our subscription options and join our community Stay at the forefront of thought leadership with news and analysis from award-winning journalists. Enjoy company features, CEO interviews, architectural reviews, technical project know-how and the latest innovations.Limited access to industry news as it happensBreaking, daily and weekly e-newsletters Subscribe now for unlimited access Get your free guest access  SIGN UP TODAY To continue enjoying, sign up for free guest accessExisting subscriber? LOGINlast_img read more

first_imgThe application optimises breakbulk vessel stowage plans by taking into consideration a variety of factors including what cargo is already on board; incoming cargoes; available cargo space; the capability of the cargo handling system; port rotations; and vessel stability.According to MacGregor the use of this system has the ability to significantly increases vessel utilisation rates.The application was developed in cooperation with terminal operating systems provider Navis, also part of Cargotec.”The MacGregor Breakbulk Optimiser is the first automated, cloud-based application for the optimised stowage of breakbulk and general cargoes,” said Magnus Sjöberg, senior vice president, cargo handling, MacGregor. “It makes full use of MacGregor’s expertise in cargo handling systems combined with Navis’ expertise in loading computers and stowage planning know-how on container ships.”Tommi Keskilohko, director of customer innovations, Cargo Handling, at MacGregor, added: “The new solution can easily accommodate last-minute changes and enables customers to identify predefined key performance indicators at a ship, voyage, rotation or fleet level.“Also there are a lot of potential process improvements,” continued Keskilohko. “Time savings in planning processes and the transparency of fact-based information are just a few of these. Reduced environmental impact is another, as vessels are running at much higher utilisation rates.”The Breakbulk Optimiser is available for new and existing vessels, and can be used for one vessel or an entire fleet.www.cargotec.comwww.macgregor.comlast_img read more

first_imgTHE Slavyanski Express linking Moscow with Minsk was launched on August 1, replacing the previous Russich service. The Russian and Belarus railways have invested 2·2bn roubles in the project. Upgrading of the track and electrification, and the elimination of level crossings, has allowed the top speed to be raised to 140 km/h, and the 1067 km trip is now covered in 7h 34min, 2 1/2h less than previously. Tver carriage works has supplied 32 passenger cars for the service, which operate in rakes of 12 hauled by Novocherkassk/Bombardier EP10 dual-system locomotives (RG 7.06 p396). Belarus Railways is planning further upgrading works to permit higher speeds through from Minsk to Brest.last_img read more

first_imgPhilippines’ Andray Blatche attacks a Congo defender for an inside basket. CIGNAL-SBP PHOTO Both teams traded advantages early in the third period with the score tied 43-all before Congo used their advantage inside to surge to a 62-55 edge midway in the fourth quarter. With the defeat, the nine-man national men’s basketball team was relegated to the battle-for-third place game against either Ivory Coast or host Spain on Saturday night (Sunday in Manila). The Philippines opened the match with a 9-4 score on hits from Andray Blatche and John Paul Erram but Congo leaned on its inside and outside conversions to come to within 18-21. Gilas Pilipinas went on to build a 28-20 advantage early in the second on fastbreak plays from Jaymar Perez and Robert Bolick but the Congo clawed its way back to within 32-33 at the half.center_img MANILA – Gilas Pilipinas failed to score a repeat against Congo with an 82-71 defeat in the 2019 Torneo de Malaga pocket tournament on Friday night (Saturday in Manila) in Malaga, Spain. It was all Congo since then as their outside hit connected to build its largest lead at 76-61 with less than five minutes in the match. Gilas Pilipinas tried to trim the deficit but could only come to as close as 11 points. Bolick top-scored with 21 points for the Joseller “Yeng” Guiao-mentored national squad as Blatche was held to just 15 markers in the contest./PNlast_img read more

first_imgThis video describes the magical 2016 Cleveland Indians season in one minute, piecing together all 11 walk-off endings so far.There’s still five home games left, who knows how many more walk-offs the Tribe can add on in the mean time? Related Topics Matt Medley is co-editor at NEO Sports Insiders, covers the Cleveland Cavaliers, Cleveland Indians and high school sports in Northeast Ohio.Follow @MedleyHoops on Twitter for live updates from games.center_img Matt Medleylast_img read more

first_imgBy DINA ARÉVALOPort Isabel-South Padre Presseditor@portisabelsouthpadre.comPort Isabel City Secretary Susie Alcocer has filed a lawsuit in the 103rd State District Court against the City, alleging she has been the victim of age discrimination and retaliation. According to a copy of the petition obtained by the PRESS, Alcocer is seeking between $200,000 and $1 million in damages and attorney’s fees.The suit comes after the Civil Rights Division of the Texas Workforce Commission (TWC) took no action on an age discrimination complaint Alcocer, 55, filed against the City late last year.The discrimination allegation stems from a $3-per-hour reduction of Alcocer’s pay, which took effect at the start of the new fiscal year on Oct. 1, 2015. Since the complaint was first filed, Alcocer has alleged the pay reduction is part of a larger trend by the City of discriminating against older employees.While Alcocer’s pay was reduced, the pay of Assistant City Secretary Nadini P. Jee was increased by a rate of $5 per hour. Wage increases were also approved by the City Commission for a number of the City’s lowest wage earners. In her suit, Alcocer states this, combined with the termination of former City Manager Edward P. Meza, 53, in May of last year, illustrates her allegation of age discrimination.Want the whole story? Pick up a copy of the Port Isabel-South Padre Press, or subscribe to our E-Edition by clicking here. RelatedCity secretary amends discrimination complaintBy DINA ARÉVALO Port Isabel-South Padre Press Port Isabel City Secretary Susie Alcocer has amended her age discrimination complaint against the City to include retaliation, according to documents obtained by the Press. Alcocer first filed the complaint with the Texas Workforce Commission (TWC) Civil Rights Division last month after a…November 13, 2015In “News”City Secretary files complaint against PIBy DINA ARÉVALO Port Isabel-South Padre Press Port Isabel City Secretary Susie Alcocer has filed an age discrimination complaint against the City of Port Isabel. The complaint was submitted to the Texas Workforce Commission (TWC), confirmed Interim City Manager Jared Hockema Friday. “We deny the claim,” Hockema said. “The (City)…October 12, 2015In “News”Tensions rise at City meetingCity Secretary issue leads to divided discussion over salaries By DINA ARÉVALO Port Isabel-South Padre Press Even before the meeting could be called to order, a debate was already being waged inside the Port Isabel City Commission meeting room Monday. Earlier that afternoon, Interim City Manager Jared Hockema informed City…October 16, 2015In “News” Sharelast_img read more

first_imgAdapun pembangunan dermaga eksekutif pelabuhan Merak dan Bakauheni ini merupakan proyek sinergi antara PT ASDP Indonesia Ferry (Persero), PT PP (Persero) Tbk, dan PT Patra Jasa, yang akan membangun kawasan terpadu dengan fasilitas terminal, hotel, taman, musholla, komersial area dan lounge.Dikutip dari siaran pers hari ini, Direktur Utama PT ASDP Indonesia Ferry (Persero) Faik Fahmi menyatakan bahwa pengembangan dermaga 6 di Merak dan dermaga 7 di Bakauheni menjadi prasarana eksekutif, merupakan bagian dari perencanaan dan penataan pelabuhan Merak sebagai destinasi. Ke depannya, Pelabuhan Merak tidak hanya menjadi simpul transportasi tetapi akan dikembangkan menjadi simpul ekonomi melalui pengembangan properti dan lifestyle untuk menarik minat pelanggan non-penyeberangan.Baca juga: Mengenal Pelabuhan Merak, Gerbang Penyeberangan Tersibuk di Indonesia“Kehadiran dermaga eksekutif ini bagian dari solusi penataan pelabuhan untuk melayani segmen penumpang dan mobil pribadi (golongan I) dengan layanan dan tarif khusus. Tren pelabuhan tidak sebatas prasarana untuk menyeberang, tetapi menjadi destinasi wisata yang dapat memberikan atmosfer dan pengalaman berkesan berupa layanan kelas premium saat dikunjungi,” ujarnya di sela peresmian Ground Breaking Dermaga 6 Eksekutif di Pelabuhan Merak, Sabtu (27/5).Rencananya, proyek dermaga eksekutif Pelabuhan Merak akan dibangun di lahan seluas 41.803 meter persegi dan Pelabuhan Bakauheni diatas lahan seluas 48.446 meter persegi. Melalui proyek sinergi ini, diharapkan dapat memberikan akses terbaik bagi masyarakat dan wisatawan lokal dan asing yang ingin menyeberang dari dan ke pulau Jawa dan Sumatera.Berdasarkan data PT ASDP, tren pertumbuhan penumpang di pelabuhan Merak dan Bakauheni mencapai 3 persen per tahunnya. Adapun jumlah penumpang yang menyeberang dari Merak menuju Bakauheni tahun 2016 mencapai total 1,55 juta orang atau naik 21 persen dibandingkan tahun 2015 sebanyak 1,28 juta orang. Kendaraan roda 4 atau lebih tercatat mencapai 1,79 juta unit atau naik 6 persen dibandingkan tahun 2015 sebanyak 1,64 juta unit.Sebaliknya, jumlah penumpang yang menyeberang dari Bakauheni menuju Merak tahun 2016 mencapai total 1,66 juta orang atau naik 30 persen dibandingkan tahun 2015 sebanyak 1,28 juta orang. Kendaraan roda 4 atau lebih tercatat mencapai 1,71 juta unit atau naik 9 persen dibandingkan tahun 2015 sebanyak 1,57 juta unit.Baca juga: Pacu Konektivitas Infrastruktur, Jokowi Minta Pelayanan di Pelabuhan Bakauheni DitingkatkanPemisahan JalurDirektur Pelayanan dan Fasilitas PT ASDP Christine Hutabarat mengatakan dengan adanya dermaga eksekutif, nantinya akan ada pemisahan jalur masuk antara penumpang dan kendaraan kecil dengan truk. Bagi pengguna jasa reguler tetap dipersilakan menikmati pelayanan tarif reguler di dermaga 1-5.“Dermaga eksekutif ini memang untuk melayani penumpang/kendaraan kecil, ada boarding lounge, vallet parking, serta retail makanan dan minuman. Adapun waktu bongkar muat (port time) ditetapkan maksimal 45 menit. Dengan layanan yang khusus ini, maka berlaku tarif yang berbeda,” tuturnya.Untuk kapal yang beroperasi di dermaga eksekutif ini, lanjut Christine, juga memiliki standar. “Kecepatan kapal minimal 15 Knot, terdapat kabin VIP dan Eksekutif dimana menyediakan reclining seat, AC, toilet, live music, Bar+kantin, serta mushola. Dan yang terpenting, waktu pelayaran (sailing time) dari Merak menuju Bakauheni, maksimal 1 jam,” tuturnya.Baca juga: Antrian Truk 2 Km Buat Toll Gate Merak Tak BerfungsiNamun demikian, layanan dermaga eksekutif ini tidak hanya dapat dinikmati oleh pengguna jasa yang ingin menyeberang, tetapi beragam fasilitas retail dan lifestyle juga dapat dinikmati oleh pengunjung non penyeberangan.Sebelumnya, Menteri BUMN Rini M Soemarno mengatakan bahwa, pengembangan pelabuhan Merak ke depannya tidak hanya terfokus pada penyediaan jasa transportasi, tetapi juga menjadi pelabuhan destinasi yang terintegrasi dengan layanan intermoda.Apalagi, layanan angkutan umum di Pelabuhan Merak cukup komplit, tersedia layanan kereta api dan bus. “Tahun 2018, pelabuhan Merak harus dapat menyediakan layanan premium, khususnya untuk kendaraan pribadi/penumpang. Hal ini penting karena semakin tingginya angka pertumbuhan mobil pribadi,” sebutnya.Pembenahan dan peningkatan kualitas layanan penyeberangan dinilai mendesak karena saat ini tengah berlangsung pembangunan Tol Trans Sumatera, sehingga dikhawatirkan masih minimnya kualitas layanan di Merak-Bakauheni dapat menjadi bottlenecking.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Like this:Like Loading… RelatedHUT TNI 5 Oktober 2017, Inilah Rekayasa Layanan Penyeberangan Ferry di Pelabuhan Merak03/10/2017In “Angkutan Ferry”Mengenal Bakauheni, Pelabuhan Utama Penghubung Transportasi ke Sumatera08/02/2017In “Angkutan Ferry”Presiden Jokowi Resmikan Terminal Eksekutif Sosoro-Merak dan Anjungan Agung-Bakauheni08/03/2019In “Angkutan Ferry” Foto: Ellen/ASDP Guna meningkatkan kualitas layanan, PT ASDP Indonesia Ferry (Persero) selaku pengelola pelabuhan dan penyedia layanan kapal ferry terus meningkatkan kualitas jasa penyeberangan melalui pengembangan dan peningkatan fasilitas pelabuhan, salah satunya diwujudkan dengan pembangunan dermaga eksekutif di Pelabuhan Merak, Banten dan Pelabuhan Bakauheni, Lampung yang menelan investasi sekitar Rp500 miliar. Ditargetkan, dermaga eksekutif ini dapat beroperasi tahun 2018, sekaligus mendukung perhelatan Asian Games yang akan digelar di Jakarta dan Palembang.Baca juga: Rute Tol laut Tanjung Priok-Panjang, Akankah Berdampak Pada Lintasan Merak-Bakauheni?Tepat pada Sabtu (27/5) pagi, Menteri BUMN Rini M Soemarno, yang didampingi Menteri Perhubungan Budi Karya Sumadi dan jajaran direksi serta komisaris PT ASDP Indonesia Ferry (Persero) meresmikan peletakkan batu pertama (ground breaking) proyek dermaga eksekutif, masing-masing dermaga 6 yang terletak di Pelabuhan Merak, dermaga 7 yang terletak di Pelabuhan Bakauheni, Lampung, serta pembangunan dermaga 7 yang terletak di Pelabuhan Merak, Banten.last_img read more